Objective: To propose and evaluate an adapted NYHA classification for children with congenital heart disease (CHD) as a feasible clinical tool for classifying patients' fitness, cardiorespiratory efficiency and functional limitations during their ordinary daily activities, which are also characterized by vigorous and competitive physical exercise among peers. Methods: This cross-sectional investigation analyzed 332 patients (13.1 ± 3.01 y/o) who underwent surgical repair of CHD and performed Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET). Patients were divided into NYHA class I, IIA and IIB by specific questioning regarding functional limitation and performance compared to peers and at strenuous intensity. Class IIA was characterized by slight exercise limitation only for strenuous/competitive activities, whereas IIB for already ordinary physical activities. These NYHA classes were compared with maximal CPET on treadmill. Results: Patients' exercise capacity (exercise time, METs), aerobic capacity (VO2peak) and chronotropic response were found progressively impaired when NYHA class I was compared with IIA and IIB. Indeed, ventilatory-perfusion mismatch (PETCO2, VE/VCO2) significantly worsened from NYHA class I to IIA, while no difference was found between IIA and IIB. Conclusion: This adapted NYHA-CHD classification could allow regular functional evaluations and accurate assessments by clinicians, leading to facilitated clinical management and timely medical interventions.

Exercise Capacity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children with Congenital Heart Diseases: A Proposal for an Adapted NYHA Classification

Neunhaeuserer, Daniel;Battista, Francesca
;
Mazzucato, Barbara;Vecchiato, Marco;Meneguzzo, Giulia;Quinto, Giulia;Gasperetti, Andrea;Vida, Vladimiro;Di Salvo, Giovanni;Ermolao, Andrea
2022

Abstract

Objective: To propose and evaluate an adapted NYHA classification for children with congenital heart disease (CHD) as a feasible clinical tool for classifying patients' fitness, cardiorespiratory efficiency and functional limitations during their ordinary daily activities, which are also characterized by vigorous and competitive physical exercise among peers. Methods: This cross-sectional investigation analyzed 332 patients (13.1 ± 3.01 y/o) who underwent surgical repair of CHD and performed Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET). Patients were divided into NYHA class I, IIA and IIB by specific questioning regarding functional limitation and performance compared to peers and at strenuous intensity. Class IIA was characterized by slight exercise limitation only for strenuous/competitive activities, whereas IIB for already ordinary physical activities. These NYHA classes were compared with maximal CPET on treadmill. Results: Patients' exercise capacity (exercise time, METs), aerobic capacity (VO2peak) and chronotropic response were found progressively impaired when NYHA class I was compared with IIA and IIB. Indeed, ventilatory-perfusion mismatch (PETCO2, VE/VCO2) significantly worsened from NYHA class I to IIA, while no difference was found between IIA and IIB. Conclusion: This adapted NYHA-CHD classification could allow regular functional evaluations and accurate assessments by clinicians, leading to facilitated clinical management and timely medical interventions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3450841
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