We report the results of new XMM-Newton observations of the middle-aged (tau(c) = 1.1 x 10(5) yr) radio pulsar PSR J1740+1000 carried out in 2017-2018. These long pointings (similar to 530 ks) show that the non-thermal emission, well described by a power-law spectrum with photon index Gamma = 1.80 +/- 0.17, is pulsed with a similar to 30 per cent pulsed fraction above 2 keV. The thermal emission can be well-fit with the sum of two blackbodies of temperatures kT(1) = 70 +/- 4 eV and kT(2) = 137 +/- 7 eV, and emitting radii R-1=5.4(-0.9)(+)(1.3) km and R-2 = 0.70(-0.13)(+0.15) km (for a distance of 1.2 kpc). We found no evidence for absorption lines as those observed in the shorter XMM-Newton observations (similar to 67 ks) of this pulsar carried out in 2006. The X-ray thermal and non-thermal components peak in antiphase and none of them is seen to coincide in phase with the radio pulse. This, coupled with the small difference in the emission radii of the two thermal components, disfavours an interpretation in which the dipolar polar cap is heated by magnetospheric backward-accelerated particles. Comparison with the other thermally emitting isolated neutron stars with spectra well described by the sum of two components at different temperatures shows that the ratios T-2/T-1 and R-2/R-1 are similar for objects of different classes. The observed values cannot be reproduced with simple temperature distributions, such as those caused by a dipolar field, indicating the presence of more complicated thermal maps.

Thermal and non-thermal X-ray emission from the rotation-powered radio/??-ray pulsar PSR J1740+1000

Sandro Mereghetti;Roberto Taverna;Roberto Turolla;Silvia Zane
2022

Abstract

We report the results of new XMM-Newton observations of the middle-aged (tau(c) = 1.1 x 10(5) yr) radio pulsar PSR J1740+1000 carried out in 2017-2018. These long pointings (similar to 530 ks) show that the non-thermal emission, well described by a power-law spectrum with photon index Gamma = 1.80 +/- 0.17, is pulsed with a similar to 30 per cent pulsed fraction above 2 keV. The thermal emission can be well-fit with the sum of two blackbodies of temperatures kT(1) = 70 +/- 4 eV and kT(2) = 137 +/- 7 eV, and emitting radii R-1=5.4(-0.9)(+)(1.3) km and R-2 = 0.70(-0.13)(+0.15) km (for a distance of 1.2 kpc). We found no evidence for absorption lines as those observed in the shorter XMM-Newton observations (similar to 67 ks) of this pulsar carried out in 2006. The X-ray thermal and non-thermal components peak in antiphase and none of them is seen to coincide in phase with the radio pulse. This, coupled with the small difference in the emission radii of the two thermal components, disfavours an interpretation in which the dipolar polar cap is heated by magnetospheric backward-accelerated particles. Comparison with the other thermally emitting isolated neutron stars with spectra well described by the sum of two components at different temperatures shows that the ratios T-2/T-1 and R-2/R-1 are similar for objects of different classes. The observed values cannot be reproduced with simple temperature distributions, such as those caused by a dipolar field, indicating the presence of more complicated thermal maps.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3451063
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