PURPOSESeveral uncommon genomic alterations beyond RAS and BRAFV600E mutations drive primary resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Our PRESSING panel (including PIK3CA exon 20/AKT1/PTEN mutations, ERBB2/MET amplifications, gene fusions, and microsatellite instability-high status) represented a paradigm of negative hyperselection with more precise tailoring of EGFR blockade. However, a modest proportion of hyperselected mCRC has intrinsic resistance potentially driven by even rarer genomic alterations.MATERIALS AND METHODSA prospective data set at three Italian Academic Hospitals included 650 patients with mCRC with comprehensive genomic profiling by FoundationOne CDx and treated with anti-EGFRs. PRESSING2 panel alterations were selected on the basis of previous clinico-biologic studies and included NTRKs, ERBB3, NF1, MAP2K1/2/4, AKT2 pathogenic mutations; PTEN/NF1 loss; ERBB3, FGFR2, IGF1R, KRAS, ARAF, and AKT1-2 amplification; and EGFR rearrangements. These were collectively associated with outcomes in patients with hyperselected disease, ie, RAS/BRAF wild-type, PRESSING-negative, and microsatellite stable.RESULTSAmong 162 hyperselected patients, 24 (15%) had PRESSING2 alterations, which were mutually exclusive except in two samples and were numerically higher in right-sided versus left-sided cancers (28% v 13%; P =.149). Independently of sidedness and other factors, patients with PRESSING2-positive status had significantly worse progression-free survival and overall survival compared with PRESSING2-negative ones (median progression-free survival 6.4 v 12.8 months, adjusted hazard ratio 4.19 [95% CI, 2.58 to 6.79]; median overall survival: 22.6 v 49.9 months, adjusted hazard ratio 2.98 [95% CI, 1.49 to 5.96]). The combined analysis of primary tumor sidedness and PRESSING2 status allowed us to better stratify outcomes.CONCLUSIONNegative ultraselection warrants further investigation with the aim of maximizing the benefit of EGFR blockade strategies in patients with RAS and BRAF wild-type, microsatellite stable mCRC.

Negative Ultraselection of Patients with RAS / BRAF Wild-Type, Microsatellite-Stable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Receiving Anti-EGFR-Based Therapy

Maddalena G.;Bergamo F.;Montagna A.;Rasola C.;Fassan M.;Lonardi S.;
2022

Abstract

PURPOSESeveral uncommon genomic alterations beyond RAS and BRAFV600E mutations drive primary resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Our PRESSING panel (including PIK3CA exon 20/AKT1/PTEN mutations, ERBB2/MET amplifications, gene fusions, and microsatellite instability-high status) represented a paradigm of negative hyperselection with more precise tailoring of EGFR blockade. However, a modest proportion of hyperselected mCRC has intrinsic resistance potentially driven by even rarer genomic alterations.MATERIALS AND METHODSA prospective data set at three Italian Academic Hospitals included 650 patients with mCRC with comprehensive genomic profiling by FoundationOne CDx and treated with anti-EGFRs. PRESSING2 panel alterations were selected on the basis of previous clinico-biologic studies and included NTRKs, ERBB3, NF1, MAP2K1/2/4, AKT2 pathogenic mutations; PTEN/NF1 loss; ERBB3, FGFR2, IGF1R, KRAS, ARAF, and AKT1-2 amplification; and EGFR rearrangements. These were collectively associated with outcomes in patients with hyperselected disease, ie, RAS/BRAF wild-type, PRESSING-negative, and microsatellite stable.RESULTSAmong 162 hyperselected patients, 24 (15%) had PRESSING2 alterations, which were mutually exclusive except in two samples and were numerically higher in right-sided versus left-sided cancers (28% v 13%; P =.149). Independently of sidedness and other factors, patients with PRESSING2-positive status had significantly worse progression-free survival and overall survival compared with PRESSING2-negative ones (median progression-free survival 6.4 v 12.8 months, adjusted hazard ratio 4.19 [95% CI, 2.58 to 6.79]; median overall survival: 22.6 v 49.9 months, adjusted hazard ratio 2.98 [95% CI, 1.49 to 5.96]). The combined analysis of primary tumor sidedness and PRESSING2 status allowed us to better stratify outcomes.CONCLUSIONNegative ultraselection warrants further investigation with the aim of maximizing the benefit of EGFR blockade strategies in patients with RAS and BRAF wild-type, microsatellite stable mCRC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3451315
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