Background: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is a congenital heart disease with a 0.3% −0.5% prevalence. Diagnosis is challenging due to nonspecific clinical presentation. Risk stratification and treatment are currently based on expert consensus and single-center case series. Methods: Demographical and clinical data of AAOCA patients from 17 tertiary-care centers were analyzed. Diagnostic imaging studies (Bidimensional echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiography [CCTA] were collected. Clinical correlations with anomalous coronary course and origin were evaluated. Results: Data from 239 patients (42% males, mean age 15 y) affected by AAOCA were collected; 154 had AAOCA involving the right coronary artery (AAORCA), 62 the left (AAOLCA), 23 other anomalies. 211 (88%) presented with an inter-arterial course. Basal electrocar-diogram (ECG) was abnormal in 37 (16%). AAOCA was detected by transthoracic echocardiography and CCTA in 53% and 92% of patients, respectively. Half of the patients reported cardiac symptoms (119/239; 50%), mostly during exercise in 121/178 (68%). An ischemic response was demonstrated in 37/106 (35%) and 16/31 (52%) of patients undergoing ECG stress test and stress-rest single positron emission cardiac tomography. Compared with AAORCA, patients with AAOLCA presented more frequently with syncope (18% vs. 5%, P = 0.002), in particular when associated with inter-arterial course (22% vs. 5%, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Diagnosis of AAOCA is a clinical challenge due to nonspecific clinical presentations and low sensitivity of first-line cardiac screening exams. Syn-cope seems to be strictly correlated to AAOLCA with inter-arterial course.

Diagnostic Yield of Non-Invasive Testing in Patients with Anomalous Aortic Origin of Coronary Arteries: A Multicentric Experience

Cipriani, Alberto
;
Bernardo Dall’Aglio, Pietro;Sirico, Domenico;Sarto, Patrizio;Motta, Raffaella;Di Salvo, Giovanni;Corrado, Domenico;Vida, Vladimiro;Padalino, Massimo
2022

Abstract

Background: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is a congenital heart disease with a 0.3% −0.5% prevalence. Diagnosis is challenging due to nonspecific clinical presentation. Risk stratification and treatment are currently based on expert consensus and single-center case series. Methods: Demographical and clinical data of AAOCA patients from 17 tertiary-care centers were analyzed. Diagnostic imaging studies (Bidimensional echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiography [CCTA] were collected. Clinical correlations with anomalous coronary course and origin were evaluated. Results: Data from 239 patients (42% males, mean age 15 y) affected by AAOCA were collected; 154 had AAOCA involving the right coronary artery (AAORCA), 62 the left (AAOLCA), 23 other anomalies. 211 (88%) presented with an inter-arterial course. Basal electrocar-diogram (ECG) was abnormal in 37 (16%). AAOCA was detected by transthoracic echocardiography and CCTA in 53% and 92% of patients, respectively. Half of the patients reported cardiac symptoms (119/239; 50%), mostly during exercise in 121/178 (68%). An ischemic response was demonstrated in 37/106 (35%) and 16/31 (52%) of patients undergoing ECG stress test and stress-rest single positron emission cardiac tomography. Compared with AAORCA, patients with AAOLCA presented more frequently with syncope (18% vs. 5%, P = 0.002), in particular when associated with inter-arterial course (22% vs. 5%, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Diagnosis of AAOCA is a clinical challenge due to nonspecific clinical presentations and low sensitivity of first-line cardiac screening exams. Syn-cope seems to be strictly correlated to AAOLCA with inter-arterial course.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3452060
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