Background: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features of pancreatic lesions are poorly reported in veterinary literature. Methods: Qualitative and quantitative features of pancreatic benign (nodular hyperplasia [NH], cyst and abscess) and malignant (adenocarcinoma and insulinoma) lesions during B-mode and CEUS examinations are described in 75 dogs. Results: Adenocarcinomas (n = 23) had mixed echogenicity at B-mode, and they were hypoenhancing or non-enhancing at CEUS, with a non-homogeneous and cystic enhancement pattern. Insulinomas (n = 23) appeared as hypoechoic lesions at B-mode, and as hyperenhancing, homogeneous and solid lesions at CEUS. NH (n = 17) had an constant appearance, being hypoechoic at ultrasound (US) and isoenhancing at CEUS. Cysts (n = 7) were all anechoic, with acoustic enhancement clearly detectable at US, but were non-enhancing at CEUS. Lastly, abscesses (n = 5) had mixed echogenicity, and they showed both hyperenhancement and non-enhancement at CEUS. Hypoenhancement and non-homogeneous appearance had a moderate diagnostic accuracy in the detection of adenocarcinomas. In particular, hyperenhancement was evident only in malignant lesions (adenocarcinomas and insulinomas). Conclusion: CEUS, in combination with B-mode US features, is a valuable tool for distinction of benign and malignant abnormalities of the pancreas and can potentially differentiate insulinomas from adenocarcinomas.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound features of focal pancreatic lesions in dogs

Burti Silvia;Zotti Alessandro;Bonsembiante Federico;Contiero Barbara;Banzato Tommaso
2022

Abstract

Background: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features of pancreatic lesions are poorly reported in veterinary literature. Methods: Qualitative and quantitative features of pancreatic benign (nodular hyperplasia [NH], cyst and abscess) and malignant (adenocarcinoma and insulinoma) lesions during B-mode and CEUS examinations are described in 75 dogs. Results: Adenocarcinomas (n = 23) had mixed echogenicity at B-mode, and they were hypoenhancing or non-enhancing at CEUS, with a non-homogeneous and cystic enhancement pattern. Insulinomas (n = 23) appeared as hypoechoic lesions at B-mode, and as hyperenhancing, homogeneous and solid lesions at CEUS. NH (n = 17) had an constant appearance, being hypoechoic at ultrasound (US) and isoenhancing at CEUS. Cysts (n = 7) were all anechoic, with acoustic enhancement clearly detectable at US, but were non-enhancing at CEUS. Lastly, abscesses (n = 5) had mixed echogenicity, and they showed both hyperenhancement and non-enhancement at CEUS. Hypoenhancement and non-homogeneous appearance had a moderate diagnostic accuracy in the detection of adenocarcinomas. In particular, hyperenhancement was evident only in malignant lesions (adenocarcinomas and insulinomas). Conclusion: CEUS, in combination with B-mode US features, is a valuable tool for distinction of benign and malignant abnormalities of the pancreas and can potentially differentiate insulinomas from adenocarcinomas.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3454104
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