The climatic and environmental impact of exclusively volcanic CO2 emissions is assessed during the main effusive phase of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), which is synchronous with the end-Triassic mass extinction. CAMP volcanism occurred in brief and intense eruptive pulses each producing extensive basaltic lava flows. Here, CAMP volcanic CO2 injections into the surface system are modelled using a biogeochemical box model for the carbon cycle. Our modelling shows that, even if positive feedback phenomena may be invoked to explain the carbon isotope excursions preserved in end-Triassic sedimentary records, intense and pulsed volcanic activity alone may have caused repeated temperature increases and pH drops, up to 5 °C and about 0.2 log units respectively. Hence, rapid and massive volcanic CO2 emissions from CAMP, on a similar scale to current anthropogenic emissions, severely impacted on climate and environment at a global scale, leading to catastrophic biotic consequences.

Anthropogenic-scale CO2 degassing from the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province as a driver of the end-Triassic mass extinction

Capriolo M.
;
Dal Corso J.;Marzoli A.
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

The climatic and environmental impact of exclusively volcanic CO2 emissions is assessed during the main effusive phase of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), which is synchronous with the end-Triassic mass extinction. CAMP volcanism occurred in brief and intense eruptive pulses each producing extensive basaltic lava flows. Here, CAMP volcanic CO2 injections into the surface system are modelled using a biogeochemical box model for the carbon cycle. Our modelling shows that, even if positive feedback phenomena may be invoked to explain the carbon isotope excursions preserved in end-Triassic sedimentary records, intense and pulsed volcanic activity alone may have caused repeated temperature increases and pH drops, up to 5 °C and about 0.2 log units respectively. Hence, rapid and massive volcanic CO2 emissions from CAMP, on a similar scale to current anthropogenic emissions, severely impacted on climate and environment at a global scale, leading to catastrophic biotic consequences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3455565
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