Background Real-world (RW) evidence on nivolumab in pretreated patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by matching data from administrative health flows (AHFs) and clinical records (CRs) may close the gap between pivotal trials and clinical practice. Methods This multicenter RW study aims at investigating median time to treatment discontinuation (mTTD), overall survival (mOS) of nivolumab in pretreated patients with NSCLC both from AHF and CR; clinical-pathological features predictive of early treatment discontinuation (etd), budget impact (BI), and cost-effectiveness analysis were investigated; mOS in patients receiving nivolumab and docetaxel was assessed. Results Overall, 237 patients with NSCLC treated with nivolumab were identified from AHFs; mTTD and mOS were 4.2 and 9.8 months, respectively; 141 (59%) received at least 6 treatment cycles, 96 (41%) received < 6 (etd). Median overall survival in patients with and without etd were 3.3 and 19.6 months, respectively (P < .0001). Higher number, longer duration, and higher cost of hospitalizations were observed in etd cases. Clinical records were available for 162 patients treated with nivolumab (cohort 1) and 83 with docetaxel (cohort 2). Median time to treatment discontinuation was 4.8 and 2.6 months, respectively (P < .0001); risk of death was significantly higher in cohort 2 or cohort 1 with etd compared with cohort 1 without etd (P < .0001). Predictors of etd were body mass index <25, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status >1, neutrophile-to-lymphocyte ratio >2.91, and concomitant treatment with antibiotics and glucocorticoids. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of nivolumab was 3323.64 euros ($3757.37) in all patients and 2805.75 euros ($3171.47) for patients without etd. Finally, the BI gap (real-theoretical) was 857 188 euros ($969 050.18). Conclusion We defined predictors and prognostic-economic impact of nivolumab in etd patients.

Multicenter Real-World Study on Effectiveness and Early Discontinuation Predictors in Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Receiving Nivolumab

Pasello, Giulia
;
Lorenzi, Martina;Crivellaro, Giovanna;Bortolami, Alberto;Bonanno, Laura;Guarneri, Valentina;Conte, PierFranco
2022

Abstract

Background Real-world (RW) evidence on nivolumab in pretreated patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by matching data from administrative health flows (AHFs) and clinical records (CRs) may close the gap between pivotal trials and clinical practice. Methods This multicenter RW study aims at investigating median time to treatment discontinuation (mTTD), overall survival (mOS) of nivolumab in pretreated patients with NSCLC both from AHF and CR; clinical-pathological features predictive of early treatment discontinuation (etd), budget impact (BI), and cost-effectiveness analysis were investigated; mOS in patients receiving nivolumab and docetaxel was assessed. Results Overall, 237 patients with NSCLC treated with nivolumab were identified from AHFs; mTTD and mOS were 4.2 and 9.8 months, respectively; 141 (59%) received at least 6 treatment cycles, 96 (41%) received < 6 (etd). Median overall survival in patients with and without etd were 3.3 and 19.6 months, respectively (P < .0001). Higher number, longer duration, and higher cost of hospitalizations were observed in etd cases. Clinical records were available for 162 patients treated with nivolumab (cohort 1) and 83 with docetaxel (cohort 2). Median time to treatment discontinuation was 4.8 and 2.6 months, respectively (P < .0001); risk of death was significantly higher in cohort 2 or cohort 1 with etd compared with cohort 1 without etd (P < .0001). Predictors of etd were body mass index <25, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status >1, neutrophile-to-lymphocyte ratio >2.91, and concomitant treatment with antibiotics and glucocorticoids. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of nivolumab was 3323.64 euros ($3757.37) in all patients and 2805.75 euros ($3171.47) for patients without etd. Finally, the BI gap (real-theoretical) was 857 188 euros ($969 050.18). Conclusion We defined predictors and prognostic-economic impact of nivolumab in etd patients.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3456114
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