Simple Summary Annual rings of the susceptible grapevine cultivar 'Chardonnay' were measured and used in order to analyse the impact of the Flavescence doree (FD) infection on the growth in diameter and the anatomical structure of grapevine trunks. Grapevines are susceptible to water shortage and reduce their growth in diameter in the case of summer drought. However, in the case of the expression of FD symptoms, the ring width reductions are extreme and supersede the drought-induced effects. In addition, in coincidence of the FD symptomatic expression, the anatomy of the phloem tissue of infected grapevines appears heavily disarranged. Moreover, sometimes also the formation of the woody ring is incomplete (early wood only). In conclusion, even though the FD phytoplasma does not inhabit and replicate inside the xylem tissue, our results confirm existing indirect inhibiting effects on the ring growth and the xylem tissue formation in FDp-infected grapevines. Flavescence doree (FD) is a grapevine disease caused by 'Candidatus Phytoplasma vitis' (FDp), which is epidemically transmitted by the Nearctic leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus. In this study, we applied dendrochronological techniques to analyse the response to FDp infections in terms of wood ring widths and anatomical structures of the xylem and phloem tissues of the trunk of the susceptible grapevine cultivar 'Chardonnay.' As a rule, grapevines are susceptible to water shortage and reduce their growth in diameter in case of summer drought. In the season of the external expression of FD symptoms, however, the ring width reductions are extreme and supersede any drought-induced effects. In addition, the anatomy of the phloem tissue in the year of the FD symptom expression appears heavily disarranged. Moreover, in the most suffering individuals, the xylem formation remains incomplete and mostly limited to the early wood tissue. In conclusion, even though the FD phytoplasma does not inhabit and replicate inside the xylem tissue, our results confirm existing indirect inhibiting effects on the ring growth and the xylem tissue formation in FDp-infected grapevines.

Impact of the "Flavescence Dorée" Phytoplasma on Xylem Growth and Anatomical Characteristics in Trunks of 'Chardonnay' Grapevines (Vitis vinifera)

Marcolin, Enrico;
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary Annual rings of the susceptible grapevine cultivar 'Chardonnay' were measured and used in order to analyse the impact of the Flavescence doree (FD) infection on the growth in diameter and the anatomical structure of grapevine trunks. Grapevines are susceptible to water shortage and reduce their growth in diameter in the case of summer drought. However, in the case of the expression of FD symptoms, the ring width reductions are extreme and supersede the drought-induced effects. In addition, in coincidence of the FD symptomatic expression, the anatomy of the phloem tissue of infected grapevines appears heavily disarranged. Moreover, sometimes also the formation of the woody ring is incomplete (early wood only). In conclusion, even though the FD phytoplasma does not inhabit and replicate inside the xylem tissue, our results confirm existing indirect inhibiting effects on the ring growth and the xylem tissue formation in FDp-infected grapevines. Flavescence doree (FD) is a grapevine disease caused by 'Candidatus Phytoplasma vitis' (FDp), which is epidemically transmitted by the Nearctic leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus. In this study, we applied dendrochronological techniques to analyse the response to FDp infections in terms of wood ring widths and anatomical structures of the xylem and phloem tissues of the trunk of the susceptible grapevine cultivar 'Chardonnay.' As a rule, grapevines are susceptible to water shortage and reduce their growth in diameter in case of summer drought. In the season of the external expression of FD symptoms, however, the ring width reductions are extreme and supersede any drought-induced effects. In addition, the anatomy of the phloem tissue in the year of the FD symptom expression appears heavily disarranged. Moreover, in the most suffering individuals, the xylem formation remains incomplete and mostly limited to the early wood tissue. In conclusion, even though the FD phytoplasma does not inhabit and replicate inside the xylem tissue, our results confirm existing indirect inhibiting effects on the ring growth and the xylem tissue formation in FDp-infected grapevines.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3456513
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