Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of staging F-18-FDG-PET/CT in laryngeal cancer, compare these results with conventional imaging (CI) and assess the value of F-18-FDG-PET/CT features to predict survival.Methods: Fifty-four patients with laryngeal squamous cell cancer and baseline F-18-FDG-PET/CT were retrospectively enrolled. The PET images were analyzed visually and semi-quantitatively by measuring several metabolic parameters. A combination of clinical follow-up/imaging follow-up and/or histopathology was taken as reference standard. Progression free survival (PFS) and disease specific survival (DSS) were computed using Kaplan-Meier curves.Results: All primary tumors were clearly identified by CI, and 52/54 by F-18-FDG-PET/CT with a sensitivity of 96.3%. Cervical nodal metastases were detected in 40/54 patients at F-18-FDG-PET/CT and in 34/49 patients at CI. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy on a patient-based analysis for nodal disease were 100%, 85.7%, 94.6%, 100% and 95.9% at F-18-FDG-PET/CT, and 91.4%, 85.7%, 94.1%, 80%, 89.8% at CI. Diagnostic performances of PET/CT and CI were not significantly different on a patient-based, side-by-side and level-by-level analysis. F-18-FDG-PET/CT recognized distant metastases in 7 patients allowing to an upstaging. At a median follow-up of 27 months, relapse/progression of disease occurred in 31 patients and death occurred in 32. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV T), MTV total and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) showed to be independent prognostic factors for PFS.Conclusions: Both CI and PET/CT had good diagnostic performances for the staging of laryngeal cancer; baseline metabolic features (MTV and TLG) showed an important prognostic value in assessing the rate of PFS. (C) 2021 Sociedad Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

F-18-FDG-PET/CT in laryngeal cancer: Comparison with conventional imaging and prognostic role

Albano, D;Nicolai, P;Bertagna, F
2021

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of staging F-18-FDG-PET/CT in laryngeal cancer, compare these results with conventional imaging (CI) and assess the value of F-18-FDG-PET/CT features to predict survival.Methods: Fifty-four patients with laryngeal squamous cell cancer and baseline F-18-FDG-PET/CT were retrospectively enrolled. The PET images were analyzed visually and semi-quantitatively by measuring several metabolic parameters. A combination of clinical follow-up/imaging follow-up and/or histopathology was taken as reference standard. Progression free survival (PFS) and disease specific survival (DSS) were computed using Kaplan-Meier curves.Results: All primary tumors were clearly identified by CI, and 52/54 by F-18-FDG-PET/CT with a sensitivity of 96.3%. Cervical nodal metastases were detected in 40/54 patients at F-18-FDG-PET/CT and in 34/49 patients at CI. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy on a patient-based analysis for nodal disease were 100%, 85.7%, 94.6%, 100% and 95.9% at F-18-FDG-PET/CT, and 91.4%, 85.7%, 94.1%, 80%, 89.8% at CI. Diagnostic performances of PET/CT and CI were not significantly different on a patient-based, side-by-side and level-by-level analysis. F-18-FDG-PET/CT recognized distant metastases in 7 patients allowing to an upstaging. At a median follow-up of 27 months, relapse/progression of disease occurred in 31 patients and death occurred in 32. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV T), MTV total and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) showed to be independent prognostic factors for PFS.Conclusions: Both CI and PET/CT had good diagnostic performances for the staging of laryngeal cancer; baseline metabolic features (MTV and TLG) showed an important prognostic value in assessing the rate of PFS. (C) 2021 Sociedad Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3456723
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