Background: Eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases (EGIDs) are chronic inflammatory disorders of the gut, including eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), gastritis (EoG), duodenitis (EoD), gastroenteritis (EoGE), and colitis (EoC). Available treatments may be ineffective in some patients, and several clinical trials are investigating alternative treatments. Aim: We performed a systematic review of clinical trials to illustrate EGIDs treatment research trends. Methods: We searched clinicaltrials.gov to identify studies investigating EGIDs treatment. For each trial we analysed relevant data, including therapeutic intervention, method of administration, study outcomes, and temporal trends. Results: For EoE, 66 studies were eligible: 26 testing topical corticosteroids (39.4%), 17 (25.8%) monoclonal antibodies, eight (12.1%) dietary measures, five (7.6%) immunomodulators, one (1.5%) esophageal dilation, and nine (13.6%) other medical treatment strategies. With regard to EoG, EoD, and EoGE, 10 studies were testing monoclonal antibodies (71.5%), one immunomodulators (7.1%), one dietary measures (7.1%), and two other treatments (14.3%). There were no trials for EoC. Ongoing studies on corticosteroids are focused on novel delivery systems, including viscous suspensions, orally disintegrating tablets, or capsules. Increased research on monoclonal antibodies was seen from 2018, with interleukin (IL)-4 receptor-α, IL-5 receptor-α, IL-5, IL-13, IL-15, and Siglec-8 as the targets. Conclusion: Clinical trials on EGIDs are predominantly investigating corticosteroids or monoclonal antibodies. EGIDs therapeutic landscape will be trasnformed imminently.

Treatment Trends for Eosinophilic Esophagitis and the Other Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Diseases: Systematic Review of Clinical Trials: Future Treatments for EGIDS: Systematic Review

Ghisa M.;Barberio B.;Maniero D.;Savarino V.;Savarino E.
2022

Abstract

Background: Eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases (EGIDs) are chronic inflammatory disorders of the gut, including eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), gastritis (EoG), duodenitis (EoD), gastroenteritis (EoGE), and colitis (EoC). Available treatments may be ineffective in some patients, and several clinical trials are investigating alternative treatments. Aim: We performed a systematic review of clinical trials to illustrate EGIDs treatment research trends. Methods: We searched clinicaltrials.gov to identify studies investigating EGIDs treatment. For each trial we analysed relevant data, including therapeutic intervention, method of administration, study outcomes, and temporal trends. Results: For EoE, 66 studies were eligible: 26 testing topical corticosteroids (39.4%), 17 (25.8%) monoclonal antibodies, eight (12.1%) dietary measures, five (7.6%) immunomodulators, one (1.5%) esophageal dilation, and nine (13.6%) other medical treatment strategies. With regard to EoG, EoD, and EoGE, 10 studies were testing monoclonal antibodies (71.5%), one immunomodulators (7.1%), one dietary measures (7.1%), and two other treatments (14.3%). There were no trials for EoC. Ongoing studies on corticosteroids are focused on novel delivery systems, including viscous suspensions, orally disintegrating tablets, or capsules. Increased research on monoclonal antibodies was seen from 2018, with interleukin (IL)-4 receptor-α, IL-5 receptor-α, IL-5, IL-13, IL-15, and Siglec-8 as the targets. Conclusion: Clinical trials on EGIDs are predominantly investigating corticosteroids or monoclonal antibodies. EGIDs therapeutic landscape will be trasnformed imminently.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3457518
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