Background Ocrelizumab was found to decrease brain atrophy rate in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS), but no data are currently available on the effect of ocrelizumab on retinal layer thicknesses in the PPMS population. Objective To assess retinal layer changes in ocrelizumab-treated PPMS and test their possible application as biomarkers of therapy response. Methods 36 PPMS patients, treated with ocrelizumab for at least 6 months, and 39 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HC) were included in a blind, longitudinal study. Spectrum-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was performed at study entry (T0) and after 6 (T6) and 12 months (T12). At month 24 (T24), patients were divided into responders (no evidence of 1-year confirmed disability progression, 1y-CDP) and non-responders (evidence of 1y-CDP). Results At T24, 23/36 (64%) patients were considered responders and 13/36 (36%) non-responders. At T0, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness, macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) and inner retinal layer (IRL) volume were significantly lower in PPMS compared to HC (p = 0.001 for all comparisons). At T6 and T12, non-responders significantly differed in the inner nuclear layer (INL) thinning rate compared to responders (p = 0.005 at both time-points). Conclusions Ocrelizumab significantly slows down INL thinning rate in PPMS responders. The longitudinal analysis of retina layer changes by means of OCT may be a promising prognostic test, and merits further investigations.

Retinal inner nuclear layer thinning is decreased and associates with the clinical outcome in ocrelizumab-treated primary progressive multiple sclerosis

Miscioscia, Alessandro;Puthenparampil, Marco;Miante, Silvia;Pengo, Marta;Gallo, Paolo
2022

Abstract

Background Ocrelizumab was found to decrease brain atrophy rate in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS), but no data are currently available on the effect of ocrelizumab on retinal layer thicknesses in the PPMS population. Objective To assess retinal layer changes in ocrelizumab-treated PPMS and test their possible application as biomarkers of therapy response. Methods 36 PPMS patients, treated with ocrelizumab for at least 6 months, and 39 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HC) were included in a blind, longitudinal study. Spectrum-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was performed at study entry (T0) and after 6 (T6) and 12 months (T12). At month 24 (T24), patients were divided into responders (no evidence of 1-year confirmed disability progression, 1y-CDP) and non-responders (evidence of 1y-CDP). Results At T24, 23/36 (64%) patients were considered responders and 13/36 (36%) non-responders. At T0, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness, macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) and inner retinal layer (IRL) volume were significantly lower in PPMS compared to HC (p = 0.001 for all comparisons). At T6 and T12, non-responders significantly differed in the inner nuclear layer (INL) thinning rate compared to responders (p = 0.005 at both time-points). Conclusions Ocrelizumab significantly slows down INL thinning rate in PPMS responders. The longitudinal analysis of retina layer changes by means of OCT may be a promising prognostic test, and merits further investigations.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3458162
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact