Assembly of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system in the mitochondrial inner membrane is an intricate process in which many factors must interact. The OXPHOS system is composed of four respiratory chain complexes, which are responsible for electron transport and generation of the proton gradient in the mitochondrial intermembrane space, and of the ATP synthase that uses this proton gradient to produce ATP. Mitochondrial human disorders are caused by dysfunction of the OXPHOS system, and many of them are associated with altered assembly of one or more components of the OXPHOS system. The study of assembly defects in patients has been useful in unraveling and/or gaining a complete understanding of the processes by which these large multimeric complexes are formed. We review here current knowledge of the biogenesis of OXPHOS complexes based on investigation of the corresponding disorders. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Assembly of the oxidative phosphorylation system in humans: what we have learned by studying its defects

Fernández-Vizarra, Erika;Zeviani, Massimo
2009

Abstract

Assembly of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system in the mitochondrial inner membrane is an intricate process in which many factors must interact. The OXPHOS system is composed of four respiratory chain complexes, which are responsible for electron transport and generation of the proton gradient in the mitochondrial intermembrane space, and of the ATP synthase that uses this proton gradient to produce ATP. Mitochondrial human disorders are caused by dysfunction of the OXPHOS system, and many of them are associated with altered assembly of one or more components of the OXPHOS system. The study of assembly defects in patients has been useful in unraveling and/or gaining a complete understanding of the processes by which these large multimeric complexes are formed. We review here current knowledge of the biogenesis of OXPHOS complexes based on investigation of the corresponding disorders. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3458437
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 85
  • Scopus 163
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 152
social impact