Introduction Patient self-inflicted lung injury (P-SILI) has been proposed as a form of lung injury caused by strong inspiratory efforts consequent to a high respiratory drive in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (hARF). Increased respiratory drive and effort may lead to variable combinations of deleterious phenomena, such as excessive transpulmonary pressure, pendelluft, intra-tidal recruitment, local lung volutrauma, and pulmonary edema. Gas exchange and respiratory mechanics derangements further increase respiratory drive and effort, thus inducing a vicious circle. Forms of partial ventilatory support may further add to the detrimental effects of P-SILI. Since P-SILI may worsen patient outcome, strategies aimed at identifying and preventing P-SILI would be of great importance. Areas covered We systematically searched Pubmed since inception until 15 April 2022 to review the patho-physiological mechanisms of P-SILI and the strategies to identify those patients at risk of P-SILI. Expert Opinion Although the concept of P-SILI has been increasingly supported by experimental and clinical data, no study has insofar demonstrated the efficacy of any strategy to identify it in the clinical setting. Further research is thus needed to ascertain the detrimental effects of spontaneous breathing and identify patients with hARF at high risk of developing P-SILI.

How to recognize patients at risk of self-inflicted lung injury

Zarantonello, Francesco;Pistollato, Elisa;Boscolo, Annalisa;Navalesi, Paolo;
2022

Abstract

Introduction Patient self-inflicted lung injury (P-SILI) has been proposed as a form of lung injury caused by strong inspiratory efforts consequent to a high respiratory drive in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (hARF). Increased respiratory drive and effort may lead to variable combinations of deleterious phenomena, such as excessive transpulmonary pressure, pendelluft, intra-tidal recruitment, local lung volutrauma, and pulmonary edema. Gas exchange and respiratory mechanics derangements further increase respiratory drive and effort, thus inducing a vicious circle. Forms of partial ventilatory support may further add to the detrimental effects of P-SILI. Since P-SILI may worsen patient outcome, strategies aimed at identifying and preventing P-SILI would be of great importance. Areas covered We systematically searched Pubmed since inception until 15 April 2022 to review the patho-physiological mechanisms of P-SILI and the strategies to identify those patients at risk of P-SILI. Expert Opinion Although the concept of P-SILI has been increasingly supported by experimental and clinical data, no study has insofar demonstrated the efficacy of any strategy to identify it in the clinical setting. Further research is thus needed to ascertain the detrimental effects of spontaneous breathing and identify patients with hARF at high risk of developing P-SILI.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3458984
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