Sustainable landfill continues to play a fundamental role in closing the loop of residual materials of the circular economy. The sustainable landfill relies on both pretreatments and in situ treatments to stabilize the residual waste and immobilize the contaminants, achieving the final storage quality (FSQ) within one generation (typically 30 years). The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency of the waste washing pretreatment in reducing the waste leaching fraction prior to landfilling, and in decreasing the time needed to reach the FSQ. A laboratory scale washing test was performed on three different kinds of residues from municipal solid waste treatment, usually landfilled: residues sieved from separately collected bio-waste (RB); residues sieved from compost (RC); and residues sieved from mixed waste treatment-plastic line (RP). Column landfill simulation tests were performed to predict and compare the landfill long-term emissions of both washed and raw residues. The results revealed that the washing pretreatment significantly reduced the leachable fraction of contaminants, decreasing the time needed to reach the chemical oxygen demand and ammonia FSQ limits. However, RP residue was the only one respecting the FSQ limits within 30 years.

Washing of residues from the circular economy prior to sustainable landfill: Effects on long-term impacts

Luo, Qingliu;Grossule, Valentina
;
Lavagnolo, Maria Cristina
2022

Abstract

Sustainable landfill continues to play a fundamental role in closing the loop of residual materials of the circular economy. The sustainable landfill relies on both pretreatments and in situ treatments to stabilize the residual waste and immobilize the contaminants, achieving the final storage quality (FSQ) within one generation (typically 30 years). The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency of the waste washing pretreatment in reducing the waste leaching fraction prior to landfilling, and in decreasing the time needed to reach the FSQ. A laboratory scale washing test was performed on three different kinds of residues from municipal solid waste treatment, usually landfilled: residues sieved from separately collected bio-waste (RB); residues sieved from compost (RC); and residues sieved from mixed waste treatment-plastic line (RP). Column landfill simulation tests were performed to predict and compare the landfill long-term emissions of both washed and raw residues. The results revealed that the washing pretreatment significantly reduced the leachable fraction of contaminants, decreasing the time needed to reach the chemical oxygen demand and ammonia FSQ limits. However, RP residue was the only one respecting the FSQ limits within 30 years.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3464990
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