In resected perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC), positive ductal margin (DM) is associated with poor survival. There is currently little knowledge about the impact of positive radial margin (RM) when DM is negative. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and the role of positive RM. Patients who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2017 where retrospectively reviewed and stratified according to margin positivity: an isolated RM-positive group and DM ± RM group. Of the 75 patients identified; 34 (45.3%) had R1 resection and 17 had positive RM alone. Survival was poorer in patients with R1 resection compared to R0 (p = 0.019). After stratification according to margin positivity; R0 patients showed better survival than DM ± RM-positive patients (p = 0.004; MST 43.9 vs. 23.6 months), but comparable to RM-positive patients (p = 0.361; MST 43.9 vs. 39.5 months). Recurrence was higher in DM ± RM group compared to R0 (p = 0.0017; median disease-free survival (DFS) 15 vs. 30 months); but comparable between RM and R0 group (p = 0.39; DFS 20 vs. 30 months). In univariate and multivariate analysis, DM positivity resulted as a negative prognostic factor both for survival and recurrence. In conclusion, positive RM resections appear to have different recurrence patterns and survival rates than positive DM resections.

Impact of Positive Radial Margin on Recurrence and Survival in Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma

D'amico F. E.
;
Mescoli C.;Caregari S.;Pasquale A.;Billato I.;Alessandris R.;Lanari J.;Bassi D.;Boetto R.;D'Amico F.;Vitale A.;Lonardi S.;Gringeri E.;Cillo U.
2022

Abstract

In resected perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC), positive ductal margin (DM) is associated with poor survival. There is currently little knowledge about the impact of positive radial margin (RM) when DM is negative. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and the role of positive RM. Patients who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2017 where retrospectively reviewed and stratified according to margin positivity: an isolated RM-positive group and DM ± RM group. Of the 75 patients identified; 34 (45.3%) had R1 resection and 17 had positive RM alone. Survival was poorer in patients with R1 resection compared to R0 (p = 0.019). After stratification according to margin positivity; R0 patients showed better survival than DM ± RM-positive patients (p = 0.004; MST 43.9 vs. 23.6 months), but comparable to RM-positive patients (p = 0.361; MST 43.9 vs. 39.5 months). Recurrence was higher in DM ± RM group compared to R0 (p = 0.0017; median disease-free survival (DFS) 15 vs. 30 months); but comparable between RM and R0 group (p = 0.39; DFS 20 vs. 30 months). In univariate and multivariate analysis, DM positivity resulted as a negative prognostic factor both for survival and recurrence. In conclusion, positive RM resections appear to have different recurrence patterns and survival rates than positive DM resections.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3465164
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