Innate immune system represents the ancestral defense against infectious agents preserved along the evolution and species; it is phylogenetically older than the adaptive immune system, which exists only in the vertebrates. Cells with phagocytic activity such as neutrophils, macrophages, and natural killer (NK) cells play a key role in innate immunity. In 1999 Kastner a al. first introduced the term "autoinflammation" describing two diseases characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation without any identifiable infectious trigger: Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) and TNF Receptor Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS). Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) are caused by self-directed inflammation due to an alteration of innate immunity leading to systemic inflammatory attacks typically in an on/off mode. In addition to inflammasomopathies, nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B-mediated disorders (also known as Rhelopathies) and type 1 interferonopathies are subjects of more recent studies.This review aims to provide an overview of the field with the most recent updates (see "Most recent developments in.." paragraphs) and a description of the newly identified AIDs.

Periodic fever syndromes and the autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs)

Tirelli, Francesca;
2020

Abstract

Innate immune system represents the ancestral defense against infectious agents preserved along the evolution and species; it is phylogenetically older than the adaptive immune system, which exists only in the vertebrates. Cells with phagocytic activity such as neutrophils, macrophages, and natural killer (NK) cells play a key role in innate immunity. In 1999 Kastner a al. first introduced the term "autoinflammation" describing two diseases characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation without any identifiable infectious trigger: Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) and TNF Receptor Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS). Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) are caused by self-directed inflammation due to an alteration of innate immunity leading to systemic inflammatory attacks typically in an on/off mode. In addition to inflammasomopathies, nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B-mediated disorders (also known as Rhelopathies) and type 1 interferonopathies are subjects of more recent studies.This review aims to provide an overview of the field with the most recent updates (see "Most recent developments in.." paragraphs) and a description of the newly identified AIDs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3469789
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