: Organized cervical cancer screening programs to promote the early identification of precancerous lesions have proven to be effective in decreasing the burden associated with cervical cancer, but knowledge regarding screening adherence among migrant women compared to that of native women has not been summarized. A systematic search of the literature on PubMed, Scopus and Embase led to the identification of 772 papers that were published up to July 2022 and reported population-based data regarding adherence to cervical screening. The screening participation rates among migrant women, compared to native women, were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis. A total of 18 papers were included in the review, with most of them being conducted in Europe (83.3%). Overall, migrants showed a significantly lower participation rate compared to native women (OR for screening adherence: 0.54, 95% CI = 0.42-0.70). This discrepancy was especially evident for migrant women from North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa (OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.35-0.63, and OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.24-0.49, respectively). The results of this systematic review emphasize the importance of increasing cervical cancer screening adherence among migrant women. A significant heterogeneity in screening adherence was observed based on the country of origin. Interventions aimed at reducing the disparities in screening participation should specifically consider how to improve the recruitment of migrant women.

Adherence to Cervical Cancer Screening Programs in Migrant Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Dalla Zuanna, Teresa;Canova, Cristina
2023

Abstract

: Organized cervical cancer screening programs to promote the early identification of precancerous lesions have proven to be effective in decreasing the burden associated with cervical cancer, but knowledge regarding screening adherence among migrant women compared to that of native women has not been summarized. A systematic search of the literature on PubMed, Scopus and Embase led to the identification of 772 papers that were published up to July 2022 and reported population-based data regarding adherence to cervical screening. The screening participation rates among migrant women, compared to native women, were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis. A total of 18 papers were included in the review, with most of them being conducted in Europe (83.3%). Overall, migrants showed a significantly lower participation rate compared to native women (OR for screening adherence: 0.54, 95% CI = 0.42-0.70). This discrepancy was especially evident for migrant women from North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa (OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.35-0.63, and OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.24-0.49, respectively). The results of this systematic review emphasize the importance of increasing cervical cancer screening adherence among migrant women. A significant heterogeneity in screening adherence was observed based on the country of origin. Interventions aimed at reducing the disparities in screening participation should specifically consider how to improve the recruitment of migrant women.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3469845
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