Chicory, a horticultural crop cultivated worldwide, presents many botanical varieties and local biotypes. Among these, cultivars of the Italian radicchio group of the pure species Cichorium intybus L. and its interspecific hybrids with Cichorium endivia L.—as the “Red of Chioggia” biotype—includes several phenotypes. This study uses a pipeline to address the marker-assisted breeding of F1 hybrids: it presents the genotyping-by-sequencing results of four elite inbred lines using a RADseq approach and an original molecular assay based on CAPS markers for screening mutants with nuclear male sterility in the radicchio of Chioggia. A total of 2953 SNP-carrying RADtags were identified and used to compute the actual estimates of homozygosity and overall genetic similarity and uniformity of the populations, as well as to determine their genetic distinctiveness and differentiation. Molecular data were further used to investigate the genomic distribution of the RADtags among the two Cichorium species, allowing their mapping in 1131 and 1071 coding sequences in chicory and endive, respectively. Paralleling this, an assay to screen the genotype at the male sterility locus Cims-1 was developed to discriminate wild-type and mutant alleles of the causative gene myb80-like. Moreover, a RADtag mapped close to this genomic region proved the potential application of this method for future marker-assisted selection tools. Finally, after combining the genotype information of the core collection, the best 10 individuals from each inbred line were selected to compute the observed genetic similarity as a measure of uniformity as well as the expected homozygosity and heterozygosity estimates scorable by the putative progenies derived from selfing (pollen parent) and full-sibling (seed parent) or pair-wise crossing (F1 hybrids). This predictive approach was conducted as a pilot study to understand the potential application of RADseq in the fine tuning of molecular marker-assisted breeding strategies aimed at the development of inbred lines and F1 hybrids in leaf chicory.

Pipeline to Design Inbred Lines and F1 Hybrids of Leaf Chicory (Radicchio) Using Male Sterility and Genotyping-by-Sequencing

Scariolo, Francesco;Palumbo, Fabio;Farinati, Silvia;Barcaccia, Gianni
2023

Abstract

Chicory, a horticultural crop cultivated worldwide, presents many botanical varieties and local biotypes. Among these, cultivars of the Italian radicchio group of the pure species Cichorium intybus L. and its interspecific hybrids with Cichorium endivia L.—as the “Red of Chioggia” biotype—includes several phenotypes. This study uses a pipeline to address the marker-assisted breeding of F1 hybrids: it presents the genotyping-by-sequencing results of four elite inbred lines using a RADseq approach and an original molecular assay based on CAPS markers for screening mutants with nuclear male sterility in the radicchio of Chioggia. A total of 2953 SNP-carrying RADtags were identified and used to compute the actual estimates of homozygosity and overall genetic similarity and uniformity of the populations, as well as to determine their genetic distinctiveness and differentiation. Molecular data were further used to investigate the genomic distribution of the RADtags among the two Cichorium species, allowing their mapping in 1131 and 1071 coding sequences in chicory and endive, respectively. Paralleling this, an assay to screen the genotype at the male sterility locus Cims-1 was developed to discriminate wild-type and mutant alleles of the causative gene myb80-like. Moreover, a RADtag mapped close to this genomic region proved the potential application of this method for future marker-assisted selection tools. Finally, after combining the genotype information of the core collection, the best 10 individuals from each inbred line were selected to compute the observed genetic similarity as a measure of uniformity as well as the expected homozygosity and heterozygosity estimates scorable by the putative progenies derived from selfing (pollen parent) and full-sibling (seed parent) or pair-wise crossing (F1 hybrids). This predictive approach was conducted as a pilot study to understand the potential application of RADseq in the fine tuning of molecular marker-assisted breeding strategies aimed at the development of inbred lines and F1 hybrids in leaf chicory.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3471128
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact