Background: The safety of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has been widely documented, but its challenging learning curve (LC) requires an insightful assessment to expand its application. The aim of this study was to evaluate LC of LDN in a high-volume transplant center. Methods: Three hundred forty-three LDNs performed from 2001 to 2018 were evaluated. CUSUM analysis based on the operative time was used to assess the number of cases required to reach mastery in the technique for both the entire surgical team and for the 3 main surgeons considered separately. Analysis of association between demographics, perioperative characteristics, and complications within the different LC phases was conducted. Results: Mean operative time was 228.9 minutes. Mean length of stay was 3.8 days and mean warm ischemia time (WIT) was 170.8 seconds. Surgical and medical complication rates were 7.3% and 6.4%, respectively. The CUSUM-LC showed a requirement of 157 cases (for surgical team) and 75 cases (for single surgeons) to reach competence in the procedure. Patient baseline characteristic showed no differences among the LC phases. Compared with the initial LC phase, hospital stay was significantly lower at the end of the LC whereas WIT results were longer in the LC descendent phase. Conclusions: This study confirms the safety and efficacy of LDN, with a low rate of complications. This analysis suggests that about 75 procedures are required to reach competence and 93 cases to achieve mastery level of skill for a single surgeon. It can be hypothesized that, in a high-volume transplant enter, the time to guarantee training in LDN is compatible with the duration of a clinical fellowship.

How Long Does It Take to Acquire Mastery of Performance in Laparoscopic Living Donor Nephrectomy? A Center-Based and Surgeon-Based Operative Time CUSUM Analysis

Caterina Di Bella
;
Giovanni Capovilla;Marianna Di Bello;Paolo Rigotti;Lucrezia Furian
2023

Abstract

Background: The safety of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has been widely documented, but its challenging learning curve (LC) requires an insightful assessment to expand its application. The aim of this study was to evaluate LC of LDN in a high-volume transplant center. Methods: Three hundred forty-three LDNs performed from 2001 to 2018 were evaluated. CUSUM analysis based on the operative time was used to assess the number of cases required to reach mastery in the technique for both the entire surgical team and for the 3 main surgeons considered separately. Analysis of association between demographics, perioperative characteristics, and complications within the different LC phases was conducted. Results: Mean operative time was 228.9 minutes. Mean length of stay was 3.8 days and mean warm ischemia time (WIT) was 170.8 seconds. Surgical and medical complication rates were 7.3% and 6.4%, respectively. The CUSUM-LC showed a requirement of 157 cases (for surgical team) and 75 cases (for single surgeons) to reach competence in the procedure. Patient baseline characteristic showed no differences among the LC phases. Compared with the initial LC phase, hospital stay was significantly lower at the end of the LC whereas WIT results were longer in the LC descendent phase. Conclusions: This study confirms the safety and efficacy of LDN, with a low rate of complications. This analysis suggests that about 75 procedures are required to reach competence and 93 cases to achieve mastery level of skill for a single surgeon. It can be hypothesized that, in a high-volume transplant enter, the time to guarantee training in LDN is compatible with the duration of a clinical fellowship.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3473175
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