: Neutrophils play a role in cardiovascular (CV) disease. However, relatively scant evidence exists in the setting of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aims of this study were to measure biomarkers of neutrophil activation in patients with symptomatic chronic PAD compared with healthy controls, to assess their association with PAD severity, and to evaluate their prognostic value in patients with PAD. The following circulating markers of neutrophil degranulation were tested: polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) elastase, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) were quantified by measuring circulating MPO-DNA complexes. Patients with PAD underwent a comprehensive series of vascular tests. The occurrence of 6-month major adverse CV (MACE) and limb events (MALE) was assessed. Overall, 110 participants were included, 66 of which had PAD. After adjustment for conventional CV risk factors, PMN-elastase (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.008; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-1.015; p = 0.006), NGAL (adjusted OR: 1.045; 95%CI: 1.024-1.066; p < 0.001), and MPO (adjusted OR: 1.013; 95%CI: 1.001-1.024; p = 0.028) were significantly associated with PAD presence. PMN-elastase (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.010; 95%CI: 1.000-1.020; p = 0.040) and MPO (adjusted HR: 1.027; 95%CI: 1.004-1.051; p = 0.019) were predictive of 6-month MACE and/or MALE. MPO displayed fair prognostic performance on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.74 (95%CI: 0.56-0.91) and a sensitivity and specificity of 0.80 and 0.65, respectively, for a cut-off of 108.37 ng/mL. MPO-DNA showed a weak inverse correlation with transcutaneous oximetry (TcPO2) on proximal foot (adjusted ρ -0.287; p = 0.032). In conclusion, in patients with symptomatic chronic PAD, enhanced neutrophil activity may be associated with an increased risk of acute CV events, rather than correlate with disease severity. Further research is needed to clarify the role of neutrophils in PAD natural history.

Biomarkers of Neutrophil Activation in Patients with Symptomatic Chronic Peripheral Artery Disease Predict Worse Cardiovascular Outcome

Faggin, Elisabetta;Cinetto, Francesco;Felice, Carla;Rattazzi, Marcello;
2023

Abstract

: Neutrophils play a role in cardiovascular (CV) disease. However, relatively scant evidence exists in the setting of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aims of this study were to measure biomarkers of neutrophil activation in patients with symptomatic chronic PAD compared with healthy controls, to assess their association with PAD severity, and to evaluate their prognostic value in patients with PAD. The following circulating markers of neutrophil degranulation were tested: polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) elastase, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) were quantified by measuring circulating MPO-DNA complexes. Patients with PAD underwent a comprehensive series of vascular tests. The occurrence of 6-month major adverse CV (MACE) and limb events (MALE) was assessed. Overall, 110 participants were included, 66 of which had PAD. After adjustment for conventional CV risk factors, PMN-elastase (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.008; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-1.015; p = 0.006), NGAL (adjusted OR: 1.045; 95%CI: 1.024-1.066; p < 0.001), and MPO (adjusted OR: 1.013; 95%CI: 1.001-1.024; p = 0.028) were significantly associated with PAD presence. PMN-elastase (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.010; 95%CI: 1.000-1.020; p = 0.040) and MPO (adjusted HR: 1.027; 95%CI: 1.004-1.051; p = 0.019) were predictive of 6-month MACE and/or MALE. MPO displayed fair prognostic performance on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.74 (95%CI: 0.56-0.91) and a sensitivity and specificity of 0.80 and 0.65, respectively, for a cut-off of 108.37 ng/mL. MPO-DNA showed a weak inverse correlation with transcutaneous oximetry (TcPO2) on proximal foot (adjusted ρ -0.287; p = 0.032). In conclusion, in patients with symptomatic chronic PAD, enhanced neutrophil activity may be associated with an increased risk of acute CV events, rather than correlate with disease severity. Further research is needed to clarify the role of neutrophils in PAD natural history.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3474432
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