This paper presents new field and synthetic modelling results of Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) surveys for the identification and detection of lava tubes with the particular aim of using ERT techniques for stratigraphic investigations of planetary volcanic analogues. These geophysical surveys were undertaken at the Corona volcano (Lanzarote, Canary Islands), as part of the PANGAEA-X 2017 campaign, which formed part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) astronaut training program. ERT profiles were acquired at two test sites located along the main Corona lava tube system. During the campaign a variety of experimental setups were tested. This provided an ideal opportunity to cross-validate geophysical results with ground truth provided by partial surface exposure of the lava tubes and laser scanner mapping of the lava tube system in the subsurface. It also permitted an assessment of the usability of ERT in detecting lava tubes in a heterogeneous volcanic setting. Our experiments showed that a combination of different electrode arrays and their joint inversion resulted in good detectability of the lava tubes with a large size with respect to the electrode spacing. The dipole-dipole array configuration provided more accurate models for lava tubes of a size in the same order of magnitude as the electrode spacing. This study showed that the main drawbacks of ERT in heterogeneous volcanic settings are linked to lava tube-related high-resistivity anomalies which appear larger and shallower and may also be laterally shifted with respect to their true location. For lava tubes with a small size with respect to the electrode spacing our synthetic data modelling results show the difficulty in distinguishing single lava tubes from in contact lava tubes, and distinguishing lava tubes in general from void-rich zones. Overall, ERT surveys were successful in detecting lava tubes, providing a good definition of the main boundaries between different volcanic units and highlighting the presence of close, near-parallel unexplored lava tubes.

Detection, imaging and analysis of lava tubes for planetary analogue studies using electric methods (ERT)

Pozzobon, R;
2021

Abstract

This paper presents new field and synthetic modelling results of Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) surveys for the identification and detection of lava tubes with the particular aim of using ERT techniques for stratigraphic investigations of planetary volcanic analogues. These geophysical surveys were undertaken at the Corona volcano (Lanzarote, Canary Islands), as part of the PANGAEA-X 2017 campaign, which formed part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) astronaut training program. ERT profiles were acquired at two test sites located along the main Corona lava tube system. During the campaign a variety of experimental setups were tested. This provided an ideal opportunity to cross-validate geophysical results with ground truth provided by partial surface exposure of the lava tubes and laser scanner mapping of the lava tube system in the subsurface. It also permitted an assessment of the usability of ERT in detecting lava tubes in a heterogeneous volcanic setting. Our experiments showed that a combination of different electrode arrays and their joint inversion resulted in good detectability of the lava tubes with a large size with respect to the electrode spacing. The dipole-dipole array configuration provided more accurate models for lava tubes of a size in the same order of magnitude as the electrode spacing. This study showed that the main drawbacks of ERT in heterogeneous volcanic settings are linked to lava tube-related high-resistivity anomalies which appear larger and shallower and may also be laterally shifted with respect to their true location. For lava tubes with a small size with respect to the electrode spacing our synthetic data modelling results show the difficulty in distinguishing single lava tubes from in contact lava tubes, and distinguishing lava tubes in general from void-rich zones. Overall, ERT surveys were successful in detecting lava tubes, providing a good definition of the main boundaries between different volcanic units and highlighting the presence of close, near-parallel unexplored lava tubes.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3478875
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