Objectives: To assess CCL18 and OX40L as biomarkers of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and/or progressive fibrosing (PF-) ILD in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). Methods: Patients with IIMs seen in our center from July 2020 to March 2021 were consecutively enrolled. ILD was detected by high-resolution CT. CCL18 and OX40L serum levels were measured by validated ELISA assays in 93 patients and 35 controls. At the 2-year follow-up, PF-ILD was evaluated according to the INBUILD criteria. Results: ILD was diagnosed in 50 (53.7%) patients. CCL18 serum levels were higher in IIMs patients vs. controls (232.9 [IQR 134.7-399.07] vs. 48.4 [29.9-147.5], p < 0.0001), with no difference for OX40L. IIMs-ILD patients exhibited higher levels of CCL18 than those without ILD (306.8 [190.8-520.5] vs. 162 [75.4-255.8], p < 0.0001). High CCL18 serum levels were independently associated with IIMs-ILD diagnosis. At follow-up, 22/50 (44%) patients developed a PF-ILD. Patients who developed PF-ILD had higher CCL18 serum levels than non-progressors (511 [307-958.7] vs. 207.1 [149.3-381.7], p < 0.0001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed CCL18 as the only independent predictor of PF-ILD (OR 1.006 [1.002-1.011], p = 0.005). Conclusions: Although in a relatively small sample, our data suggest that CCL18 is a useful biomarker in IIMs-ILD, particularly in the early identification of patients at risk of developing PF-ILD.

CCL18 as a Biomarker of Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) and Progressive Fibrosing ILD in Patients with Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies

Zanatta, Elisabetta;Martini, Andrea;Tonello, Marta;Gatto, Mariele;Giraudo, Chiara;Doria, Andrea
;
Iaccarino, Luca
2023

Abstract

Objectives: To assess CCL18 and OX40L as biomarkers of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and/or progressive fibrosing (PF-) ILD in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). Methods: Patients with IIMs seen in our center from July 2020 to March 2021 were consecutively enrolled. ILD was detected by high-resolution CT. CCL18 and OX40L serum levels were measured by validated ELISA assays in 93 patients and 35 controls. At the 2-year follow-up, PF-ILD was evaluated according to the INBUILD criteria. Results: ILD was diagnosed in 50 (53.7%) patients. CCL18 serum levels were higher in IIMs patients vs. controls (232.9 [IQR 134.7-399.07] vs. 48.4 [29.9-147.5], p < 0.0001), with no difference for OX40L. IIMs-ILD patients exhibited higher levels of CCL18 than those without ILD (306.8 [190.8-520.5] vs. 162 [75.4-255.8], p < 0.0001). High CCL18 serum levels were independently associated with IIMs-ILD diagnosis. At follow-up, 22/50 (44%) patients developed a PF-ILD. Patients who developed PF-ILD had higher CCL18 serum levels than non-progressors (511 [307-958.7] vs. 207.1 [149.3-381.7], p < 0.0001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed CCL18 as the only independent predictor of PF-ILD (OR 1.006 [1.002-1.011], p = 0.005). Conclusions: Although in a relatively small sample, our data suggest that CCL18 is a useful biomarker in IIMs-ILD, particularly in the early identification of patients at risk of developing PF-ILD.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3481085
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