: Patients suffering from chronic anemia can benefit from scheduled transfusions of packed red blood cells (PRBCs), while urgent transfusions have specific indications. These patients frequently seek medical attention in the emergency department (ED), where they can be inappropriately transfused, but research in this field is limited. This study aimed to assess the appropriateness of PRBCs transfusions in chronic anemic patients in the ED. A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who accessed the ED of the Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova (Padova, Italy) between 2016 and 2019 and received PRBCs transfusions. Patients aged ≥ 18 years old and with chronic anemia were included, while those with acute anemia or admitted to the hospital after the transfusion were excluded. Chronic anemia was defined as satisfying one of the following in the past medical history: diagnosis of chronic anemia; two or more previous blood samplings demonstrating anemia; periodic transfusions. As primary outcome, the appropriateness of transfusions was assessed according to the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) 2016 criteria, using the recommended threshold of 7 g/dL for hemodynamically stable adults and 8 g/dL for patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Out of 1153 transfusions, 344 transfusions were included in the study. According to our criteria, 139 (40.4%) patients were inappropriately transfused, resulting in a total estimated cost of 54,528.71 € in the study period. This study showed that transfusions in chronic anemic patients are recurrent events in the ED and are frequently inappropriate. A possible explanation could be the lack of a well-structured primary care network granting periodic transfusions in ambulatory centers. In the future, implementing and improving chronic anemic patients' access to transfusion services through dedicated pathways could reduce the burden on the ED and also decrease costs.

Appropriateness of packed red blood cells transfusions in chronic anemic patients in the emergency department: the TRANSFUS-ED retrospective analysis

Paganini, Matteo
;
Bertozzi, Irene;Randi, Maria Luigia
2023

Abstract

: Patients suffering from chronic anemia can benefit from scheduled transfusions of packed red blood cells (PRBCs), while urgent transfusions have specific indications. These patients frequently seek medical attention in the emergency department (ED), where they can be inappropriately transfused, but research in this field is limited. This study aimed to assess the appropriateness of PRBCs transfusions in chronic anemic patients in the ED. A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who accessed the ED of the Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova (Padova, Italy) between 2016 and 2019 and received PRBCs transfusions. Patients aged ≥ 18 years old and with chronic anemia were included, while those with acute anemia or admitted to the hospital after the transfusion were excluded. Chronic anemia was defined as satisfying one of the following in the past medical history: diagnosis of chronic anemia; two or more previous blood samplings demonstrating anemia; periodic transfusions. As primary outcome, the appropriateness of transfusions was assessed according to the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) 2016 criteria, using the recommended threshold of 7 g/dL for hemodynamically stable adults and 8 g/dL for patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Out of 1153 transfusions, 344 transfusions were included in the study. According to our criteria, 139 (40.4%) patients were inappropriately transfused, resulting in a total estimated cost of 54,528.71 € in the study period. This study showed that transfusions in chronic anemic patients are recurrent events in the ED and are frequently inappropriate. A possible explanation could be the lack of a well-structured primary care network granting periodic transfusions in ambulatory centers. In the future, implementing and improving chronic anemic patients' access to transfusion services through dedicated pathways could reduce the burden on the ED and also decrease costs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3481222
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