OBJECTIVES: Patients with connective tissue diseases can develop interstitial lung disease (ILD), leading to a progressive fibrosing ILD (PF-ILD) phenotype in some cases. We aimed to investigate the occurrence of PF-ILD in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), and factors potentially predicting this phenotype. Secondary aims were to assess the radiological pattern and factors associated with IIMs-ILD. METHODS: Patients with IIMs from our multicentric prospective cohort were retrospectively evaluated. Data were recorded at IIMs and ILD diagnosis, and during follow-up. Patients with ILD were classified according to the predominant high-resolution CT (HRCT) pattern: non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and organising pneumonia (OP). PF-ILD was defined according to the 2022 American Thoracic Society (ATS), European Respiratory Society (ERS), Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) and Latin American Thoracic Society (ALAT) guidelines. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated to ILD and to PF-ILD. RESULTS: Of 253 patients with IIMs, 125 (49%) had ILD: 99 (78%) at IIMs diagnosis and 26 (22%) during follow-up (21/26 within 5 years). Multivariate analysis identified anti-Jo-1, anti-MDA5, anti-Ro52, high score on manual muscle test, mechanic's hands and Raynaud's phenomenon as independently associated with ILD. The predominant HRCT pattern was NSIP (50% of patients), followed by UIP (28%) and OP (22%). At 1-year follow-up, PF-ILD occurred in 18% of IIMs-ILD. PF-ILD was predicted by anti-MDA5, heliotropic rash, xerostomia and xerophthalmia at univariate but not at multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Patients with IIM should be carefully screened for ILD at IIMs diagnosis and yearly during follow-up. All patients with IIMs-ILD should be carefully monitored to capture ILD progression since a consistent proportion of them are expected to develop PF-ILD.

Interstitial lung disease with and without progressive fibrosing phenotype in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: data from a large multicentric cohort

Zanatta E.
;
Cocconcelli E.;Giraudo C.;Gatto M.;Martini A.;Ghirardello A.;Doria A.;Spagnolo P.;Iaccarino L.
2023

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Patients with connective tissue diseases can develop interstitial lung disease (ILD), leading to a progressive fibrosing ILD (PF-ILD) phenotype in some cases. We aimed to investigate the occurrence of PF-ILD in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), and factors potentially predicting this phenotype. Secondary aims were to assess the radiological pattern and factors associated with IIMs-ILD. METHODS: Patients with IIMs from our multicentric prospective cohort were retrospectively evaluated. Data were recorded at IIMs and ILD diagnosis, and during follow-up. Patients with ILD were classified according to the predominant high-resolution CT (HRCT) pattern: non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and organising pneumonia (OP). PF-ILD was defined according to the 2022 American Thoracic Society (ATS), European Respiratory Society (ERS), Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) and Latin American Thoracic Society (ALAT) guidelines. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated to ILD and to PF-ILD. RESULTS: Of 253 patients with IIMs, 125 (49%) had ILD: 99 (78%) at IIMs diagnosis and 26 (22%) during follow-up (21/26 within 5 years). Multivariate analysis identified anti-Jo-1, anti-MDA5, anti-Ro52, high score on manual muscle test, mechanic's hands and Raynaud's phenomenon as independently associated with ILD. The predominant HRCT pattern was NSIP (50% of patients), followed by UIP (28%) and OP (22%). At 1-year follow-up, PF-ILD occurred in 18% of IIMs-ILD. PF-ILD was predicted by anti-MDA5, heliotropic rash, xerostomia and xerophthalmia at univariate but not at multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Patients with IIM should be carefully screened for ILD at IIMs diagnosis and yearly during follow-up. All patients with IIMs-ILD should be carefully monitored to capture ILD progression since a consistent proportion of them are expected to develop PF-ILD.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3491459
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