Late blight, caused by oomycetes Phytophthora infestans is one of the most challenging fungal diseases to manage in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Toward managing the disease, conventional breeding has successfully introgressed genetic loci conferring disease resistance from various wild relatives of tomato into commercial varieties. The cataloging of disease-associated SNP markers and a deeper understanding of disease-resistance mechanisms are needed to keep up with the demand for commercial varieties resistant against emerging pathogen strains. To this end, we performed transcriptome sequencing to evaluate the gene expression dynamics of tomato varieties, resistant and susceptible to Phytophthora infection. Further integrating the transcriptome dataset with large-scale public genomic data of varieties with known disease phenotypes, a panel of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers correlated with disease resistance was identified. These SNPs were then validated on 31 lines with contrasting phenotypes for late blight. The identified SNPs are located on genes coding for a putative cysteine-rich transmembrane module (CYSTM), Solyc09g098310, and a nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat protein, Solyc09g098100, close to the well-studied Ph-3 resistance locus known to have a role in plant immunity against fungal infections. The panel of SNPs generated by this study using transcriptome sequencing showing correlation with disease resistance across a broad set of plant material can be used as markers for molecular screening in tomato breeding.

Transcriptome-Assisted SNP Marker Discovery for Phytophthora infestans Resistance in Solanum lycopersicum L

Deb, Saptarathi;Della Lucia, Maria Cristina;Ravi, Samathmika;Bertoldo, Giovanni;Stevanato, Piergiorgio
2023

Abstract

Late blight, caused by oomycetes Phytophthora infestans is one of the most challenging fungal diseases to manage in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Toward managing the disease, conventional breeding has successfully introgressed genetic loci conferring disease resistance from various wild relatives of tomato into commercial varieties. The cataloging of disease-associated SNP markers and a deeper understanding of disease-resistance mechanisms are needed to keep up with the demand for commercial varieties resistant against emerging pathogen strains. To this end, we performed transcriptome sequencing to evaluate the gene expression dynamics of tomato varieties, resistant and susceptible to Phytophthora infection. Further integrating the transcriptome dataset with large-scale public genomic data of varieties with known disease phenotypes, a panel of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers correlated with disease resistance was identified. These SNPs were then validated on 31 lines with contrasting phenotypes for late blight. The identified SNPs are located on genes coding for a putative cysteine-rich transmembrane module (CYSTM), Solyc09g098310, and a nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat protein, Solyc09g098100, close to the well-studied Ph-3 resistance locus known to have a role in plant immunity against fungal infections. The panel of SNPs generated by this study using transcriptome sequencing showing correlation with disease resistance across a broad set of plant material can be used as markers for molecular screening in tomato breeding.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3495242
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