Background: Resistance to TSH is defined as reduced sensitivity to normal, biologically-active TSH, and abnormally high levels of TSH are needed to achieve normal levels of thyroid hormones. Case presentation: A 15-year-old female patient, having been treated since childhood with levothyroxine for hyperthyrotropinemia was referred to our institution complaining of tachycardia after the levothyroxine therapy had been increased. Thyroid ultrasound features were normal, and thyroid antibodies were negative. The therapy was gradually tapered in light of the symptoms, although subclinical hypothyroidism was evident at thyroid function tests. First-degree relatives were tested for thyroid function, and the father was also found to have a previously-unknown subclinical hypothyroidism. The patient underwent genetic testing for TSH receptor (TSHR) gene mutations, which revealed a gene variant hitherto not described: p.C598R (c.1792T>C). The father was also tested and was found to carry the same mutation, while other first-degree relatives were wild-type for the TSHR gene. An in-silico analysis was performed, which revealed a loss-of-function phenotype corresponding to the described variant, suggesting a novel loss-of-function TSH receptor gene mutation Conclusion: In this case report, we present a novel loss-of-function gene mutation in the TSH receptor gene associated with a TSH resistance phenotype.

A Novel TSH Receptor Gene Variant Associated With Non-Autoimmune Hyperthyrotropinemia: a Case Report

Manso, Jacopo;Barollo, Susi;Bertazza, Loris;Scaroni, Carla;Mian, Caterina;Barbot, Mattia
2023

Abstract

Background: Resistance to TSH is defined as reduced sensitivity to normal, biologically-active TSH, and abnormally high levels of TSH are needed to achieve normal levels of thyroid hormones. Case presentation: A 15-year-old female patient, having been treated since childhood with levothyroxine for hyperthyrotropinemia was referred to our institution complaining of tachycardia after the levothyroxine therapy had been increased. Thyroid ultrasound features were normal, and thyroid antibodies were negative. The therapy was gradually tapered in light of the symptoms, although subclinical hypothyroidism was evident at thyroid function tests. First-degree relatives were tested for thyroid function, and the father was also found to have a previously-unknown subclinical hypothyroidism. The patient underwent genetic testing for TSH receptor (TSHR) gene mutations, which revealed a gene variant hitherto not described: p.C598R (c.1792T>C). The father was also tested and was found to carry the same mutation, while other first-degree relatives were wild-type for the TSHR gene. An in-silico analysis was performed, which revealed a loss-of-function phenotype corresponding to the described variant, suggesting a novel loss-of-function TSH receptor gene mutation Conclusion: In this case report, we present a novel loss-of-function gene mutation in the TSH receptor gene associated with a TSH resistance phenotype.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3496331
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