Background and aims: No-reflow (NR), where the coronary artery is patent after treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) but tissue perfusion is not restored, is associated with worse outcomes. We aimed to investigate the relationship between autoantibodies activating endothelin-1 receptor type A (ETAR-AAs) and NR after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in STEMI. Methods: We studied 50 patients (age 59 ± 11 years, 40 males) with STEMI who underwent PPCI within 6 h after the onset of symptoms. Blood samples were obtained from all patients within 12 h following PPCI for ETAR-AA level measurement. The seropositive threshold was provided by the manufacturer (>10 U/ml). NR was assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MVO, microvascular obstruction). As a control group, 40 healthy subjects matched for age and sex were recruited from the general population. Results: MVO was observed in 24 patients (48%). The prevalence of MVO was higher in patients with ETAR-AAs seropositivity (72% vs. 38%, p = 0.03). ETAR-AAs were higher in patients with MVO (8.9 U/mL (interquartile range [IQR] 6.8-16.2 U/mL) vs. 5.7 U/mL [IQR 4.3-7.7 U/mL], p = 0.003). ETAR-AAs seropositivity was independently associated with MVO (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.3-7.1; p = 0.03). We identified ≥6.74 U/mL as the best cut-off for prediction of MVO (sensitivity 79%; specificity 65%; NPV 71%; PPV 74%; accuracy 72%). Conclusions: The ETAR-AAs seropositivity is associated with NR in STEMI patients. These findings may open up new options in the management of myocardial infarction even if confirmation in a larger trial is needed.

Association of autoantibodies targeting endothelin type-A receptors with no-reflow in ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Tona, Francesco;Vadori, Marta;Iop, Laura;Antonelli, Giorgia;Perazzolo Marra, Martina;Cecere, Annagrazia;Lorenzoni, Giulia;Bernava, Giacomo;Basso, Daniela;Cozzi, Emanuele;Iliceto, Sabino
2023

Abstract

Background and aims: No-reflow (NR), where the coronary artery is patent after treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) but tissue perfusion is not restored, is associated with worse outcomes. We aimed to investigate the relationship between autoantibodies activating endothelin-1 receptor type A (ETAR-AAs) and NR after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in STEMI. Methods: We studied 50 patients (age 59 ± 11 years, 40 males) with STEMI who underwent PPCI within 6 h after the onset of symptoms. Blood samples were obtained from all patients within 12 h following PPCI for ETAR-AA level measurement. The seropositive threshold was provided by the manufacturer (>10 U/ml). NR was assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MVO, microvascular obstruction). As a control group, 40 healthy subjects matched for age and sex were recruited from the general population. Results: MVO was observed in 24 patients (48%). The prevalence of MVO was higher in patients with ETAR-AAs seropositivity (72% vs. 38%, p = 0.03). ETAR-AAs were higher in patients with MVO (8.9 U/mL (interquartile range [IQR] 6.8-16.2 U/mL) vs. 5.7 U/mL [IQR 4.3-7.7 U/mL], p = 0.003). ETAR-AAs seropositivity was independently associated with MVO (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.3-7.1; p = 0.03). We identified ≥6.74 U/mL as the best cut-off for prediction of MVO (sensitivity 79%; specificity 65%; NPV 71%; PPV 74%; accuracy 72%). Conclusions: The ETAR-AAs seropositivity is associated with NR in STEMI patients. These findings may open up new options in the management of myocardial infarction even if confirmation in a larger trial is needed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3496522
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