Plantar adipose tissue is a connective tissue whose structural configuration changes according to the foot region (rare or forefoot) and is related to its mechanical role, providing a damping system able to adsorb foot impact and bear the body weight. Considering this, the present work aims at fully describing the plantar adipose tissue’s behaviour and developing a proper constitutive formulation. Unconfined compression tests and indentation tests have been performed on samples harvested from human donors and cadavers. Experimental results provided the initial/final elastic modulus for each specimen and assessed the non-linear and time-dependent behaviour of the tissue. The different foot regions were investigated, and the main differences were observed when comparing the elastic moduli, especially the final elastic ones. It resulted in a higher level for the medial region (89 ± 77 MPa) compared to the others (from 51 ± 29 MPa for the heel pad to 11 ± 7 for the metatarsal). Finally, results have been used to define a visco-hyperelastic constitutive model, whose hyperelastic component, which describes tissue non-linear behaviour, was described using an Ogden formulation. The identified and validated tissue constitutive parameters could serve, in the early future, for the computational model of the healthy foot.

Mechanical Behaviour of Plantar Adipose Tissue: From Experimental Tests to Constitutive Analysis

Sofia Pettenuzzo;Elisa Belluzzi;Assunta Pozzuoli;Veronica Macchi;Andrea Porzionato;Rafael Boscolo-Berto;Pietro Ruggieri;Alice Berardo;Emanuele Luigi Carniel;Chiara Giulia Fontanella
2024

Abstract

Plantar adipose tissue is a connective tissue whose structural configuration changes according to the foot region (rare or forefoot) and is related to its mechanical role, providing a damping system able to adsorb foot impact and bear the body weight. Considering this, the present work aims at fully describing the plantar adipose tissue’s behaviour and developing a proper constitutive formulation. Unconfined compression tests and indentation tests have been performed on samples harvested from human donors and cadavers. Experimental results provided the initial/final elastic modulus for each specimen and assessed the non-linear and time-dependent behaviour of the tissue. The different foot regions were investigated, and the main differences were observed when comparing the elastic moduli, especially the final elastic ones. It resulted in a higher level for the medial region (89 ± 77 MPa) compared to the others (from 51 ± 29 MPa for the heel pad to 11 ± 7 for the metatarsal). Finally, results have been used to define a visco-hyperelastic constitutive model, whose hyperelastic component, which describes tissue non-linear behaviour, was described using an Ogden formulation. The identified and validated tissue constitutive parameters could serve, in the early future, for the computational model of the healthy foot.
2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3506797
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