The Late Miocene-Early Pliocene Biogenic Bloom (ca. 9.0–3.5 Ma) was a phase of high marine biological productivity documented globally at multiple ocean sites, related to an increase in nutrient input and/or a significant reorganization of nutrients in the oceans. Here, we studied the Biogenic Bloom at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1085 in the Southeast Atlantic Ocean, additionally providing an updated age model based on calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. During the event, we identified four intervals characterised by distinct benthic foraminiferal assemblages, suggesting changes in paleoenvironmental/paleoceanographic conditions. The Biogenic Bloom extends from 8.1 to 3.0 Ma at Site 1085, as detected by different proxies such as linear sedimentation rates, carbonate mass accumulation rates, benthic foraminiferal indices and assemblage data. The inferred paleoenvironmental changes allowed us to differentiate four intervals within the Biogenic Bloom. From 8.1 to 5.2 Ma and from 3.8 to 3.0 Ma, the high benthic foraminiferal accumulation rates (BFARs) and the abundance of phytodetritus-exploiting taxa point to highly seasonal phytoplankton blooms. Between 5.2 and 4.8 Ma, we document short-term fluctuations between well‑oxygenated conditions with transient input of phytodetritus and phases of low oxygen eutrophic conditions. Between 4.8 and 3.8 Ma, a decrease in opportunistic species and an increase in eutrophic taxa likely suggest a switch to a higher food supply to the seafloor. Our data shows that the onset of the Biogenic Bloom was synchronous with other global well-dated records and its end appears to align with other Atlantic records. Lastly, our findings support the hypothesis that the Biogenic Bloom was not a single productivity event, but a complex event made up of several short-lived, high-productivity regimes with different driving forces.

A benthic foraminifera perspective of the Late Miocene-Early Pliocene Biogenic Bloom at ODP Site 1085 (Southeast Atlantic Ocean)

Agnini C.
Supervision
;
2024

Abstract

The Late Miocene-Early Pliocene Biogenic Bloom (ca. 9.0–3.5 Ma) was a phase of high marine biological productivity documented globally at multiple ocean sites, related to an increase in nutrient input and/or a significant reorganization of nutrients in the oceans. Here, we studied the Biogenic Bloom at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1085 in the Southeast Atlantic Ocean, additionally providing an updated age model based on calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. During the event, we identified four intervals characterised by distinct benthic foraminiferal assemblages, suggesting changes in paleoenvironmental/paleoceanographic conditions. The Biogenic Bloom extends from 8.1 to 3.0 Ma at Site 1085, as detected by different proxies such as linear sedimentation rates, carbonate mass accumulation rates, benthic foraminiferal indices and assemblage data. The inferred paleoenvironmental changes allowed us to differentiate four intervals within the Biogenic Bloom. From 8.1 to 5.2 Ma and from 3.8 to 3.0 Ma, the high benthic foraminiferal accumulation rates (BFARs) and the abundance of phytodetritus-exploiting taxa point to highly seasonal phytoplankton blooms. Between 5.2 and 4.8 Ma, we document short-term fluctuations between well‑oxygenated conditions with transient input of phytodetritus and phases of low oxygen eutrophic conditions. Between 4.8 and 3.8 Ma, a decrease in opportunistic species and an increase in eutrophic taxa likely suggest a switch to a higher food supply to the seafloor. Our data shows that the onset of the Biogenic Bloom was synchronous with other global well-dated records and its end appears to align with other Atlantic records. Lastly, our findings support the hypothesis that the Biogenic Bloom was not a single productivity event, but a complex event made up of several short-lived, high-productivity regimes with different driving forces.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3508917
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