Two brothers, 25 and 19 years old, were affected by asymmetrical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The older brother had waddling gait and weakness of the proximal girdle muscles, while the younger had a broad-based gait and weakness of selected limb girdle muscles. EMG exam was myopathic. Serum enzyme, CPK and aldolase were elevated. Histochemical reactions in muscle revealed "core-like" areas, subsarcolemmal rims of mitochondria and lipid accumulation. Succinate-dehydrogenase stain showed a lack of activity in both biopsies, with the exception of intrafusal fibers. Microphotometric quantitative measurements confirmed the defect in both biopsies. Biochemical measurements of several mitochondrial enzymes in muscle showed a reduced activity of succinate-dehydrogenase (33%) and succinate-cytochrome C reductase (36-47%) which are both components of complex II. On myocardial biopsy lipid and mitochondrial abnormalities were found. This mitochondriopathy represents a new phenotype of partial complex II defect.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with mitochondrial myopathy. A new phenotype of complex II defect.

ANGELINI, CORRADO;MELACINI, PAOLA;VALENTE, MARIALUISA;FANIN, MARINA;VERGANI, LODOVICA;BOFFA, GIOVANNI;FASOLI, GIUSEPPE
1993

Abstract

Two brothers, 25 and 19 years old, were affected by asymmetrical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The older brother had waddling gait and weakness of the proximal girdle muscles, while the younger had a broad-based gait and weakness of selected limb girdle muscles. EMG exam was myopathic. Serum enzyme, CPK and aldolase were elevated. Histochemical reactions in muscle revealed "core-like" areas, subsarcolemmal rims of mitochondria and lipid accumulation. Succinate-dehydrogenase stain showed a lack of activity in both biopsies, with the exception of intrafusal fibers. Microphotometric quantitative measurements confirmed the defect in both biopsies. Biochemical measurements of several mitochondrial enzymes in muscle showed a reduced activity of succinate-dehydrogenase (33%) and succinate-cytochrome C reductase (36-47%) which are both components of complex II. On myocardial biopsy lipid and mitochondrial abnormalities were found. This mitochondriopathy represents a new phenotype of partial complex II defect.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/137300
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