The divalent metal binding sites of beef heart mitochondria F1ATPase were studied by FT-ESEEM spectroscopy, using Mn(II) as a paramagnetic probe, which replaces the naturally occurring Mg(II) and maintains the enzyme catalytic activity. Purified F1ATPase still containing three endogenous tightly bound nucleotides, named MF1(1,2), was obtained under mild conditions, whereas a harsher treatment gave a fully nucleotide depleted enzyme, named MF1(0,0). When MF1(1,2) was loaded with Mn(II) in 1:0.8 ratio, the spectrum showed evidence of a nitrogen interacting with the metal, while this interaction was not present in the spectrum of MF1(0,0) loaded with Mn(II) in the same ratio. However, when MF1(0,0) was loaded with 2.4 Mn(II), the spectrum showed metal-nitrogen interaction resembling that of MF1(1,2) loaded with Mn(II) in 1:0.8 ratio. When MF1(1,2) was loaded with 2.4 Mn(II) the metal-nitrogen interaction signal remained and a phosphorous coordination to the metal was also evident, indicating a binding of Mn2+ to a site containing a tightly bound nucleotide but metal free. These results strongly support the role of the metal alone in structuring the catalytic sites of the enzyme while ESEEM technique appears to be a sensitive and suitable spectroscopic method for conformational studies of MF1 with the advantage of using proteins in frozen solution.

Divalent metal binding to bovine heart F1 ATPase: An FT-ESEEM study

DABBENI SALA, FEDERICA;ZOLEO, ALFONSO
2008

Abstract

The divalent metal binding sites of beef heart mitochondria F1ATPase were studied by FT-ESEEM spectroscopy, using Mn(II) as a paramagnetic probe, which replaces the naturally occurring Mg(II) and maintains the enzyme catalytic activity. Purified F1ATPase still containing three endogenous tightly bound nucleotides, named MF1(1,2), was obtained under mild conditions, whereas a harsher treatment gave a fully nucleotide depleted enzyme, named MF1(0,0). When MF1(1,2) was loaded with Mn(II) in 1:0.8 ratio, the spectrum showed evidence of a nitrogen interacting with the metal, while this interaction was not present in the spectrum of MF1(0,0) loaded with Mn(II) in the same ratio. However, when MF1(0,0) was loaded with 2.4 Mn(II), the spectrum showed metal-nitrogen interaction resembling that of MF1(1,2) loaded with Mn(II) in 1:0.8 ratio. When MF1(1,2) was loaded with 2.4 Mn(II) the metal-nitrogen interaction signal remained and a phosphorous coordination to the metal was also evident, indicating a binding of Mn2+ to a site containing a tightly bound nucleotide but metal free. These results strongly support the role of the metal alone in structuring the catalytic sites of the enzyme while ESEEM technique appears to be a sensitive and suitable spectroscopic method for conformational studies of MF1 with the advantage of using proteins in frozen solution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/155590
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