The high-affinity metal-binding site of isolated F(1)-ATPase from beef heart mitochondria was studied by high-field (HF) continuous wave electron paramagnetic resonance (CW-EPR) and pulsed EPR spectroscopy, using Mn(II) as a paramagnetic probe. The protein F(1) was fully depleted of endogenous Mg(II) and nucleotides [stripped F(1) or MF1(0,0)] and loaded with stoichiometric Mn(II) and stoichiometric or excess amounts of ADP or adenosine 5'-(beta,gamma-imido)-triphosphate (AMPPNP). Mn(II) and nucleotides were added to MF1(0,0) either subsequently or together as preformed complexes. Metal-ADP inhibition kinetics analysis was performed showing that in all samples Mn(II) enters one catalytic site on a beta subunit. From the HF-EPR spectra, the zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters of the various samples were obtained, showing that different metal-protein coordination symmetry is induced depending on the metal nucleotide addition order and the protein/metal/nucleotide molar ratios. The electron spin-echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) technique was used to obtain information on the interaction between Mn(II) and the (31)P nuclei of the metal-coordinated nucleotide. In the case of samples containing ADP, the measured (31)P hyperfine couplings clearly indicated coordination changes related to the metal nucleotide addition order and the protein/metal/nucleotide ratios. On the contrary, the samples with AMPPNP showed very similar ESEEM patterns, despite the remarkable differences present among their HF-EPR spectra. This fact has been attributed to changes in the metal-site coordination symmetry because of ligands not involving phosphate groups. The kinetic data showed that the divalent metal always induces in the catalytic site the high-affinity conformation, while EPR experiments in frozen solutions supported the occurrence of different precatalytic states when the metal and ADP are added to the protein sequentially or together as a preformed complex. The different states evolve to the same conformation, the metal(II)-ADP inhibited form, upon induction of the trisite catalytic activity. All our spectroscopic and kinetic data point to the active role of the divalent cation in creating a competent catalytic site upon binding to MF1, in accordance with previous evidence obtained for Escherichia coli and chloroplast F(1).

High-affinity metal-binding site in beef heart mitochondrial F(1)ATPase: An EPR spectroscopy study

ZOLEO, ALFONSO;BRUSTOLON, MARINA ROSA;DABBENI SALA, FEDERICA;MANIERO, ANNA LISA
2004

Abstract

The high-affinity metal-binding site of isolated F(1)-ATPase from beef heart mitochondria was studied by high-field (HF) continuous wave electron paramagnetic resonance (CW-EPR) and pulsed EPR spectroscopy, using Mn(II) as a paramagnetic probe. The protein F(1) was fully depleted of endogenous Mg(II) and nucleotides [stripped F(1) or MF1(0,0)] and loaded with stoichiometric Mn(II) and stoichiometric or excess amounts of ADP or adenosine 5'-(beta,gamma-imido)-triphosphate (AMPPNP). Mn(II) and nucleotides were added to MF1(0,0) either subsequently or together as preformed complexes. Metal-ADP inhibition kinetics analysis was performed showing that in all samples Mn(II) enters one catalytic site on a beta subunit. From the HF-EPR spectra, the zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters of the various samples were obtained, showing that different metal-protein coordination symmetry is induced depending on the metal nucleotide addition order and the protein/metal/nucleotide molar ratios. The electron spin-echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) technique was used to obtain information on the interaction between Mn(II) and the (31)P nuclei of the metal-coordinated nucleotide. In the case of samples containing ADP, the measured (31)P hyperfine couplings clearly indicated coordination changes related to the metal nucleotide addition order and the protein/metal/nucleotide ratios. On the contrary, the samples with AMPPNP showed very similar ESEEM patterns, despite the remarkable differences present among their HF-EPR spectra. This fact has been attributed to changes in the metal-site coordination symmetry because of ligands not involving phosphate groups. The kinetic data showed that the divalent metal always induces in the catalytic site the high-affinity conformation, while EPR experiments in frozen solutions supported the occurrence of different precatalytic states when the metal and ADP are added to the protein sequentially or together as a preformed complex. The different states evolve to the same conformation, the metal(II)-ADP inhibited form, upon induction of the trisite catalytic activity. All our spectroscopic and kinetic data point to the active role of the divalent cation in creating a competent catalytic site upon binding to MF1, in accordance with previous evidence obtained for Escherichia coli and chloroplast F(1).
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2435194
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact