To better characterize the cellular source of lymphotactin (XCL1), we compared XCL1 expression in different lymphocyte subsets by real-time PCR. XCL1 was constitutively expressed in both PBMC and CD4(+) cells, but its expression was almost 2 log higher in CD8(+) cells. In vitro activation was associated with a substantial increase in XCL1 expression in both PBMC and CD8(+) cells, but not in CD4(+) lymphocytes. The preferential expression of XCL1 in CD8(+) cells was confirmed by measuring XCL1 production in culture supernatants, and a good correlation was found between figures obtained by real-time PCR and XCL1 contents. XCL1 expression was mostly confined to a CD3(+)CD8(+) subset not expressing CD5, where XCL1 expression equaled that shown by gammadelta(+) T cells. Compared with the CD5(+) counterpart, CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(-) cells, which did not express CD5 following in vitro activation, showed preferential expression of the alphaalpha form of CD8 and a lower expression of molecules associated with a noncommitted/naive phenotype, such as CD62L. CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(-) cells also expressed higher levels of the XCL1 receptor; in addition, although not differing from CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(+) cells in terms of the expression of most alpha- and beta-chemokines, they showed higher expression of CCL3/macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha. These data show that TCR alphabeta-expressing lymphocytes that lack CD5 expression are a major XCL1 source, and that the contribution to its synthesis by different TCR alphabeta-expressing T cell subsets, namely CD4(+) lymphocytes, is negligible. In addition, they point to the CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(-) population as a particular T cell subset within the CD8(+) compartment, whose functional properties deserve further attention.

CD8(+)alphabeta(+) T cells that lack surface CD5 antigen expression are a major lymphotactin (XCL1) source in peripheral blood lymphocytes

TOSELLO, VALERIA;ROSATO, ANTONIO;CHIECO BIANCHI, LUIGI;AMADORI, ALBERTO
2003

Abstract

To better characterize the cellular source of lymphotactin (XCL1), we compared XCL1 expression in different lymphocyte subsets by real-time PCR. XCL1 was constitutively expressed in both PBMC and CD4(+) cells, but its expression was almost 2 log higher in CD8(+) cells. In vitro activation was associated with a substantial increase in XCL1 expression in both PBMC and CD8(+) cells, but not in CD4(+) lymphocytes. The preferential expression of XCL1 in CD8(+) cells was confirmed by measuring XCL1 production in culture supernatants, and a good correlation was found between figures obtained by real-time PCR and XCL1 contents. XCL1 expression was mostly confined to a CD3(+)CD8(+) subset not expressing CD5, where XCL1 expression equaled that shown by gammadelta(+) T cells. Compared with the CD5(+) counterpart, CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(-) cells, which did not express CD5 following in vitro activation, showed preferential expression of the alphaalpha form of CD8 and a lower expression of molecules associated with a noncommitted/naive phenotype, such as CD62L. CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(-) cells also expressed higher levels of the XCL1 receptor; in addition, although not differing from CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(+) cells in terms of the expression of most alpha- and beta-chemokines, they showed higher expression of CCL3/macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha. These data show that TCR alphabeta-expressing lymphocytes that lack CD5 expression are a major XCL1 source, and that the contribution to its synthesis by different TCR alphabeta-expressing T cell subsets, namely CD4(+) lymphocytes, is negligible. In addition, they point to the CD3(+)CD8(+)CD5(-) population as a particular T cell subset within the CD8(+) compartment, whose functional properties deserve further attention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2455931
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