11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 (11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2) isozymes catalize the conversion of inactive glucocorticoids (e.g. cortisone) to their active forms (e.g. cortisol) and vice versa, respectively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction allowed the detection of 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 mRNAs in the human adrenal cortex, liver, kidneys, as well as in six aldosterone-secreting adenomas. 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 activity, as evaluated by the capacity of the microsomal fraction to convert [3H]cortisone to [3H]cortisol and vice versa, was detected in both human adrenal cortex and aldosteronomas, although it was less elevated than in liver and kidneys. Aldosteronomas possessed more intense 11βHSD1 activity and less intense 11βHSD2 activity than the normal adrenal cortex. The hypothesis is advanced that the elevated local concentration of steroid-hormone intermediates occurring in aldosteronomas up-regulates 11βHSD1 and down-regulates 11βHSD2, thereby contributing to their enhanced steroidogenic function.

Human adrenal cortex and aldosterone secreting adenomas express both 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 genes

ALBERTIN, GIOVANNA;TORTORELLA, CINZIA;NERI, GIULIANO;NUSDORFER, GASTONE
2002

Abstract

11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 (11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2) isozymes catalize the conversion of inactive glucocorticoids (e.g. cortisone) to their active forms (e.g. cortisol) and vice versa, respectively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction allowed the detection of 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 mRNAs in the human adrenal cortex, liver, kidneys, as well as in six aldosterone-secreting adenomas. 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 activity, as evaluated by the capacity of the microsomal fraction to convert [3H]cortisone to [3H]cortisol and vice versa, was detected in both human adrenal cortex and aldosteronomas, although it was less elevated than in liver and kidneys. Aldosteronomas possessed more intense 11βHSD1 activity and less intense 11βHSD2 activity than the normal adrenal cortex. The hypothesis is advanced that the elevated local concentration of steroid-hormone intermediates occurring in aldosteronomas up-regulates 11βHSD1 and down-regulates 11βHSD2, thereby contributing to their enhanced steroidogenic function.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2456532
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact