We studied in detail 17 patients presenting with monomorphic repetitive ventricular rhythms having left bundle branch block morphology and right axis deviation. All had an apparently normal heart at physical examination. At chest radiography, three patients had mild cardiomegaly, and at electrocardiography, five patients had inverted T waves beyond V2. Five patients had syncope or near syncope. In seven patients the tachycardia occurred on effort. One patient died suddenly. The patients were extensively investigated, using cross-sectional echocardiography, complete haemodynamic and angiographic studies, electrophysiology and histology, to search for any structural basis of the arrhythmias. Tachycardia was sustained in 8 patients, nonsustained in 3, and consistent with accelerated idioventricular rhythm and repetitive paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia in 5 and 1 patients, respectively. Despite the differences in clinical and arrhythmologic features, similar abnormalities of right ventricular structure and/or wall motion were detected in all patients, consistent with localized forms of right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Different antiarrhythmic drugs were successfully used in twelve patients (the four patients with accelerated idioventricular rhythm were not treated). The patient who died suddenly had previously had a sustained ventricular tachycardia and was being treated by beta-blockade. Postmortem study revealed massive fibro-adipose substitution of the right ventricular free wall and pulmonary infundibulum.

Monomorphic repetitive rhythms originating from the outflow tract in patients with minor forms of right ventricular cardiomyopathy

NAVA, ANDREA;THIENE, GAETANO;BUJA, GIANFRANCO;DALIENTO, LUCIANO;
1990

Abstract

We studied in detail 17 patients presenting with monomorphic repetitive ventricular rhythms having left bundle branch block morphology and right axis deviation. All had an apparently normal heart at physical examination. At chest radiography, three patients had mild cardiomegaly, and at electrocardiography, five patients had inverted T waves beyond V2. Five patients had syncope or near syncope. In seven patients the tachycardia occurred on effort. One patient died suddenly. The patients were extensively investigated, using cross-sectional echocardiography, complete haemodynamic and angiographic studies, electrophysiology and histology, to search for any structural basis of the arrhythmias. Tachycardia was sustained in 8 patients, nonsustained in 3, and consistent with accelerated idioventricular rhythm and repetitive paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia in 5 and 1 patients, respectively. Despite the differences in clinical and arrhythmologic features, similar abnormalities of right ventricular structure and/or wall motion were detected in all patients, consistent with localized forms of right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Different antiarrhythmic drugs were successfully used in twelve patients (the four patients with accelerated idioventricular rhythm were not treated). The patient who died suddenly had previously had a sustained ventricular tachycardia and was being treated by beta-blockade. Postmortem study revealed massive fibro-adipose substitution of the right ventricular free wall and pulmonary infundibulum.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2459409
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