The effects of stimulated Ca2+ influx on cytosolic ([Ca2+]c) or intramitochondrial free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m) were examined in the new pancreatic beta-cell line, INS-1. [Ca2+]c was monitored by video imaging of single fura-2-loaded INS-1 cells, or in populations of cells transfected with non-targeted (cytosolic) aequorin. [Ca2+]m was measured after transfection with aequorin targeted to the mitochondria by fusion of the gene in frame with the signal peptide of cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIII. Two physiological stimuli of native beta-cells, glucose and ATP, raised [Ca2+]c in INS-1 cells largely by stimulating Ca2+ influx. Thus, glucose (20 mM) induced repetitive transient increases in [Ca2+]c (0.42 min-1, mean amplitude 229 nM above 102 nM basal). These transients were largely due to periodic stimulation of Ca2+ influx through voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels, since they could be rapidly and reversibly blocked by chelation of external Ca2+, by addition of the hyperpolarizing agent diazoxide, or with the Ca2+ channel blocker SR 7037. ATP, by contrast, caused single transient [Ca2+]c increases, to about 300 nM above basal levels, which could be inhibited by > 90% upon external Ca2+ chelation. Challenge of aequorin-transfected cells with ATP increased [Ca2+]m to 4 microM or above, an effect blocked by EGTA. Furthermore, plasma membrane depolarization with high K+, used as a glucose surrogate to mimic, in a synchronized fashion, the influx-induced Ca2+ transients observed at the single-cell level, also increased [Ca2+]m to > 4 microM. Similar increases in [Ca2+]m were also measured in other aequorin-transfected insulin-secreting cells, RINm5F, during mobilization of internal Ca2+ with carbachol. In contrast, glucose-induced changes in [Ca2+]m were below the level of detection in INS-1 cell populations, consistent with the asynchrony of the [Ca2+]c transients induced by this nutrient at the single-cell level, and the consequent small average [Ca2+]c rise. These data are in line with the view that stimulated Ca2+ influx into excitable cells raises [Ca2+]m as efficiently as internal Ca2+ mobilization in nonexcitable cells. In the case of INS-1 and pancreatic beta-cells, this may be important both to enhance oxidative metabolism, hence fueling the secretory process, and also to maintain the production of metabolic signaling molecules.

Stimulated Ca2+ influx raises mitochondrial free Ca2+ to supramicromolar levels in a pancreatic beta-cell line. Possible role in glucose and agonist-induced insulin secretion.

MURGIA, MARTA;POZZAN, TULLIO;RIZZUTO, ROSARIO
1993

Abstract

The effects of stimulated Ca2+ influx on cytosolic ([Ca2+]c) or intramitochondrial free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m) were examined in the new pancreatic beta-cell line, INS-1. [Ca2+]c was monitored by video imaging of single fura-2-loaded INS-1 cells, or in populations of cells transfected with non-targeted (cytosolic) aequorin. [Ca2+]m was measured after transfection with aequorin targeted to the mitochondria by fusion of the gene in frame with the signal peptide of cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIII. Two physiological stimuli of native beta-cells, glucose and ATP, raised [Ca2+]c in INS-1 cells largely by stimulating Ca2+ influx. Thus, glucose (20 mM) induced repetitive transient increases in [Ca2+]c (0.42 min-1, mean amplitude 229 nM above 102 nM basal). These transients were largely due to periodic stimulation of Ca2+ influx through voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels, since they could be rapidly and reversibly blocked by chelation of external Ca2+, by addition of the hyperpolarizing agent diazoxide, or with the Ca2+ channel blocker SR 7037. ATP, by contrast, caused single transient [Ca2+]c increases, to about 300 nM above basal levels, which could be inhibited by > 90% upon external Ca2+ chelation. Challenge of aequorin-transfected cells with ATP increased [Ca2+]m to 4 microM or above, an effect blocked by EGTA. Furthermore, plasma membrane depolarization with high K+, used as a glucose surrogate to mimic, in a synchronized fashion, the influx-induced Ca2+ transients observed at the single-cell level, also increased [Ca2+]m to > 4 microM. Similar increases in [Ca2+]m were also measured in other aequorin-transfected insulin-secreting cells, RINm5F, during mobilization of internal Ca2+ with carbachol. In contrast, glucose-induced changes in [Ca2+]m were below the level of detection in INS-1 cell populations, consistent with the asynchrony of the [Ca2+]c transients induced by this nutrient at the single-cell level, and the consequent small average [Ca2+]c rise. These data are in line with the view that stimulated Ca2+ influx into excitable cells raises [Ca2+]m as efficiently as internal Ca2+ mobilization in nonexcitable cells. In the case of INS-1 and pancreatic beta-cells, this may be important both to enhance oxidative metabolism, hence fueling the secretory process, and also to maintain the production of metabolic signaling molecules.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2460104
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