Liver mitochondria from the great green goby Zosterisessor ophiocephalus (Pallas) normally exhibit bioenergetic variables (membrane potential 165+/-7 mV; respiratory control ratio 6.6+/-0.4; ADP/O ratio 1.85+/-0.8; means +/- s.e.m., N=6) and activities of physiological transport systems (phosphate/proton symporter, adenine nucleotide antiporter, Ca(2+) electrophoretic uniporter) comparable with those of rat liver mitochondria. When incubated in the presence of Ca(2+) and an inducer agent such as phosphate, these mitochondria undergo a complete collapse of membrane potential accompanied by a large-amplitude swelling of the matrix, influx of sucrose from the incubation medium, release of endogenous Mg(2+) and K(+) (approximately 90% of the total) and of preaccumulated Ca(2+) and oxidation of endogenous pyridine nucleotides. All these phenomena, which are completely eliminated by cyclosporin A and inhibited with different efficacies by Mg(2+) and spermine, demonstrate that the induction of the permeability transition in this type of mitochondria has characteristics similar to those described in rat liver mitochondria. In contrast, the requirement for very high Ca(2+) concentrations (greater than 100 micromol l(-1) for the induction of the permeability transition represents a very important difference that distinguishes this phenomenon in fish and mammalian mitochondria.

The membrane permeability transition in liver mitochondria of the great green goby Zosterisessor ophiocephalus (pallas)

TONINELLO, ANTONIO;SALVI, MAURO;COLOMBO, LORENZO
2000

Abstract

Liver mitochondria from the great green goby Zosterisessor ophiocephalus (Pallas) normally exhibit bioenergetic variables (membrane potential 165+/-7 mV; respiratory control ratio 6.6+/-0.4; ADP/O ratio 1.85+/-0.8; means +/- s.e.m., N=6) and activities of physiological transport systems (phosphate/proton symporter, adenine nucleotide antiporter, Ca(2+) electrophoretic uniporter) comparable with those of rat liver mitochondria. When incubated in the presence of Ca(2+) and an inducer agent such as phosphate, these mitochondria undergo a complete collapse of membrane potential accompanied by a large-amplitude swelling of the matrix, influx of sucrose from the incubation medium, release of endogenous Mg(2+) and K(+) (approximately 90% of the total) and of preaccumulated Ca(2+) and oxidation of endogenous pyridine nucleotides. All these phenomena, which are completely eliminated by cyclosporin A and inhibited with different efficacies by Mg(2+) and spermine, demonstrate that the induction of the permeability transition in this type of mitochondria has characteristics similar to those described in rat liver mitochondria. In contrast, the requirement for very high Ca(2+) concentrations (greater than 100 micromol l(-1) for the induction of the permeability transition represents a very important difference that distinguishes this phenomenon in fish and mammalian mitochondria.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2460324
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