The conformational features of copper-free ceruloplasmin (CP), as compared to the holo-protein, were evaluated utilizing far- and near-UV circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The results obtained indicate that apo-CP maintains the secondary structure of the holo-protein, while the tertiary interactions are much weaker. In addition, the removal of copper from the holo-protein leads to the exposure of hydrophobic patches to solvent, as shown by the fact that apo-CP, at variance from the holo-protein, binds the hydrophobic probe ANS. It is proposed that the CP molecule, upon copper removal, acquires the conformational features typical of a molten globule, which might be the conformational state of CP during its biosynthesis before metal incorporation.

Evidence for the Molten Globule State of Human apo-Ceruloplasmin

DE FILIPPIS, VINCENZO
;
BELTRAMINI, MARIANO;FONTANA, ANGELO;SALVATO, BENEDETTO;
1996

Abstract

The conformational features of copper-free ceruloplasmin (CP), as compared to the holo-protein, were evaluated utilizing far- and near-UV circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The results obtained indicate that apo-CP maintains the secondary structure of the holo-protein, while the tertiary interactions are much weaker. In addition, the removal of copper from the holo-protein leads to the exposure of hydrophobic patches to solvent, as shown by the fact that apo-CP, at variance from the holo-protein, binds the hydrophobic probe ANS. It is proposed that the CP molecule, upon copper removal, acquires the conformational features typical of a molten globule, which might be the conformational state of CP during its biosynthesis before metal incorporation.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461153
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 26
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact