We have investigated the direct effect of glucagon on collagenase-dispersed adrenocortical cells obtained from consenting patients undergoing unilateral adrenalectomy and nephrectomy for renal cancer. Dispersed cells, actually a mixture of zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata-reticularis (ZF/R) cells, were incubated with glucagon (from 10-10 to 10-6 M) alone or in the presence of 10-9 M angiotensin-II, 10-10 M ACTH or 10-5 M forskolin, and the effects on aldosterone, cortisol and cyclic-AMP (cAMP) production were measured by radioimmune assay. Glucagon concentration-dependently inhibited ACTH-stimulated cortisol production and ACTH- or forskolin-enhanced cAMP release, minimal and maximal effective concentrations being 10-9 and 10-7 M. The effects of glucagon were suppressed by 10-5 M Des-His1-[Glu9]glucagon amide, an antagonist of glucagon receptors (glucagon-A). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction did not reveal the presence of specific glucagon-receptor mRNA in the human adrenal cortex. However, autoradiography demonstrated the presence of [125I]glucagon binding sites in the ZF/R, which were displaced by glucagon but not by ACTH. Taken together, these findings suggest that glucagon, through the activation of unidentified receptors located on ZF/R cells, inhibits adenylate cyclase, thereby dampening glucocorticoid response to ACTH.

Glucagon inhibits ACTH-stimulated cortisol secretion from dispersed human adrenocortical cells by activating unidentified receptors negatively coupled with the adenylate cyclase cascade

MAZZOCCHI, GIUSEPPINA;ALBERTIN, GIOVANNA;NUSDORFER, GASTONE
2000

Abstract

We have investigated the direct effect of glucagon on collagenase-dispersed adrenocortical cells obtained from consenting patients undergoing unilateral adrenalectomy and nephrectomy for renal cancer. Dispersed cells, actually a mixture of zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata-reticularis (ZF/R) cells, were incubated with glucagon (from 10-10 to 10-6 M) alone or in the presence of 10-9 M angiotensin-II, 10-10 M ACTH or 10-5 M forskolin, and the effects on aldosterone, cortisol and cyclic-AMP (cAMP) production were measured by radioimmune assay. Glucagon concentration-dependently inhibited ACTH-stimulated cortisol production and ACTH- or forskolin-enhanced cAMP release, minimal and maximal effective concentrations being 10-9 and 10-7 M. The effects of glucagon were suppressed by 10-5 M Des-His1-[Glu9]glucagon amide, an antagonist of glucagon receptors (glucagon-A). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction did not reveal the presence of specific glucagon-receptor mRNA in the human adrenal cortex. However, autoradiography demonstrated the presence of [125I]glucagon binding sites in the ZF/R, which were displaced by glucagon but not by ACTH. Taken together, these findings suggest that glucagon, through the activation of unidentified receptors located on ZF/R cells, inhibits adenylate cyclase, thereby dampening glucocorticoid response to ACTH.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461350
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