Adrenomedullin (ADM) has been recently found to directly inhibit agonist-stimulated aldosterone secretion by dispersed zona glomerulosa (ZG) cells and to stimulate basal catecholamine release by adrenomedullary fragments. In light of the fact that catecholamines enhance aldosterone secretion acting in a paracrine manner, we have investigated whether these two effects of ADM may interact when the integrity of the adrenal gland is preserved. ADM increased basal aldosterone output by adrenal slices containing a core of adrenal medulla, and the effect was blocked by the b-adrenoceptor antagonist l-alprenolol. In contrast, ADM evoked a moderate inhibition of K1-stimulated aldosterone production, and the blockade was complete in the presence of l-alprenolol. The in vivo bolus injection of ADM did not affect plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) in rats under basal conditions. Conversely, when rat ZG secretory function was enhanced (by sodium restriction or infusion with angiotensin-II [ANG-II]) or depressed (by sodium loading or infusion with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril), ADM evoked a sizeable decrease or increase in PAC, respectively. The prolonged infusion with the ADM receptor antagonist ADM(22–52) caused a further enhancement of PAC in sodium-restricted or ANG-II-treated rats, and a further moderate decrease of it in sodium-loaded or captopril-administered animals. RIA showed that ADM plasma concentration did not exceed a concentration of 10211 M in any group of animals. Under basal conditions, ADM adrenal content was 1.2–2.0 pmol/g, which may give rise to local concentrations higher than 1028 M (i.e. well above the minimal effective ones in vitro). ADM adrenal concentration was markedly increased (from two-fold to three-fold) by both ZG stimulatory and suppressive treatments. Collectively, our findings suggest that in vivo 1) ADM, in addition to directly inhibit aldosterone secretion, may enhance it indirectly by eliciting catecholamine release, the two actions annulling each other under basal conditions; 2) under conditions leading to enhanced aldosterone secretion, the direct inhibitory effect of ADM prevails over the indirect stimulatory one, and the reverse occurs when aldosterone secretion is decreased; and 3) the modulatory action of ADM on the aldosterone secretion has a physiological relevance, endogenous ADM being locally synthesized in adrenals.

Evidence for a paracrine role of adrenomedullin in the physiological resetting of aldosterone secretion by rat adrenal zona glomerulosa

ALBERTIN, GIOVANNA;TORTORELLA, CINZIA;MAZZOCCHI, GIUSEPPINA;NUSDORFER, GASTONE
2000

Abstract

Adrenomedullin (ADM) has been recently found to directly inhibit agonist-stimulated aldosterone secretion by dispersed zona glomerulosa (ZG) cells and to stimulate basal catecholamine release by adrenomedullary fragments. In light of the fact that catecholamines enhance aldosterone secretion acting in a paracrine manner, we have investigated whether these two effects of ADM may interact when the integrity of the adrenal gland is preserved. ADM increased basal aldosterone output by adrenal slices containing a core of adrenal medulla, and the effect was blocked by the b-adrenoceptor antagonist l-alprenolol. In contrast, ADM evoked a moderate inhibition of K1-stimulated aldosterone production, and the blockade was complete in the presence of l-alprenolol. The in vivo bolus injection of ADM did not affect plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) in rats under basal conditions. Conversely, when rat ZG secretory function was enhanced (by sodium restriction or infusion with angiotensin-II [ANG-II]) or depressed (by sodium loading or infusion with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril), ADM evoked a sizeable decrease or increase in PAC, respectively. The prolonged infusion with the ADM receptor antagonist ADM(22–52) caused a further enhancement of PAC in sodium-restricted or ANG-II-treated rats, and a further moderate decrease of it in sodium-loaded or captopril-administered animals. RIA showed that ADM plasma concentration did not exceed a concentration of 10211 M in any group of animals. Under basal conditions, ADM adrenal content was 1.2–2.0 pmol/g, which may give rise to local concentrations higher than 1028 M (i.e. well above the minimal effective ones in vitro). ADM adrenal concentration was markedly increased (from two-fold to three-fold) by both ZG stimulatory and suppressive treatments. Collectively, our findings suggest that in vivo 1) ADM, in addition to directly inhibit aldosterone secretion, may enhance it indirectly by eliciting catecholamine release, the two actions annulling each other under basal conditions; 2) under conditions leading to enhanced aldosterone secretion, the direct inhibitory effect of ADM prevails over the indirect stimulatory one, and the reverse occurs when aldosterone secretion is decreased; and 3) the modulatory action of ADM on the aldosterone secretion has a physiological relevance, endogenous ADM being locally synthesized in adrenals.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2463857
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