Cells exposed to Helicobacter pylori toxin VacA develop large vacuoles which originate from massive swelling of membranous compartments at late stages of the endocytic pathway. When expressed in the cytosol, VacA induces vacuolization as it does when added from outside. This and other evidence indicate that VacA is a toxin capable of entering the cell cytosol, where it displays its activity. In this study, we have used cytosolic expression to identify the portion of the toxin molecule responsible for the vacuolating activity. VacA mutants with deletions at the C and N termini were generated, and their activity was analyzed upon expression in HeLa cells. We found that the vacuolating activity of VacA resides in the amino-terminal region, the whole of which is required for its intracellular activity.

Identification of the Helicobacter pylori VacA toxin domain active in the cell cytosol

DE BERNARD, MARINA;PAPINI, EMANUELE;MONTECUCCO, CESARE
1998

Abstract

Cells exposed to Helicobacter pylori toxin VacA develop large vacuoles which originate from massive swelling of membranous compartments at late stages of the endocytic pathway. When expressed in the cytosol, VacA induces vacuolization as it does when added from outside. This and other evidence indicate that VacA is a toxin capable of entering the cell cytosol, where it displays its activity. In this study, we have used cytosolic expression to identify the portion of the toxin molecule responsible for the vacuolating activity. VacA mutants with deletions at the C and N termini were generated, and their activity was analyzed upon expression in HeLa cells. We found that the vacuolating activity of VacA resides in the amino-terminal region, the whole of which is required for its intracellular activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2466060
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