In the present study we report on another cause of an arrhythmia associated with familial arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), which is linked to chromosome 1q42-43. Two families with 48 subjects were studied with 12-lead electrocardiography, 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography, chest x-ray, M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography, signal-averaging electrocardiography, and exercise stress testing. Six subjects also underwent right and left ventricular angiography and electrophysiologic study. An endomyocardial biopsy was performed in 1 subject. The genetic study included pedigree reconstruction and linkage analysis with polymorphic DNA markers. Five young subjects died suddenly during exercise; autopsy was performed in 3 and showed segmental fibro-fatty replacement of the right ventricle, mostly at the apex. Two of them experienced syncopal attacks during effort. Sixteen living subjects, without arrhythmias at rest had polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias during effort; ARVC was diagnosed in 15, whereas 1 did not have any demonstrable cardiac abnormality. The remaining family members were healthy and did not have arrhythmias. The linkage study assigned the disease locus to chromosome 1q42-q43, in close proximity to the alpha-actinin 2 locus (maximal lod score was 5.754 at theta = 0) with a 95% penetrance. Thus, these data suggest that effort-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias and juvenile sudden death can be due to adrenergic stimulation in a particular genetic group of ARVC patients. In these cases the pathology was segmental, mostly localized to the right ventricular apex. Ventricular arrhythmias that are present in these families differ from the monomorphic ones that are usually seen in patients with ARVC.

Familial effort polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy map to chromosome 1q42-43.

BAUCE, BARBARA;NAVA, ANDREA;RAMPAZZO, ALESSANDRA;DALIENTO, LUCIANO;BASSO, CRISTINA;THIENE, GAETANO;
2000

Abstract

In the present study we report on another cause of an arrhythmia associated with familial arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), which is linked to chromosome 1q42-43. Two families with 48 subjects were studied with 12-lead electrocardiography, 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography, chest x-ray, M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography, signal-averaging electrocardiography, and exercise stress testing. Six subjects also underwent right and left ventricular angiography and electrophysiologic study. An endomyocardial biopsy was performed in 1 subject. The genetic study included pedigree reconstruction and linkage analysis with polymorphic DNA markers. Five young subjects died suddenly during exercise; autopsy was performed in 3 and showed segmental fibro-fatty replacement of the right ventricle, mostly at the apex. Two of them experienced syncopal attacks during effort. Sixteen living subjects, without arrhythmias at rest had polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias during effort; ARVC was diagnosed in 15, whereas 1 did not have any demonstrable cardiac abnormality. The remaining family members were healthy and did not have arrhythmias. The linkage study assigned the disease locus to chromosome 1q42-q43, in close proximity to the alpha-actinin 2 locus (maximal lod score was 5.754 at theta = 0) with a 95% penetrance. Thus, these data suggest that effort-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias and juvenile sudden death can be due to adrenergic stimulation in a particular genetic group of ARVC patients. In these cases the pathology was segmental, mostly localized to the right ventricular apex. Ventricular arrhythmias that are present in these families differ from the monomorphic ones that are usually seen in patients with ARVC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2467283
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