The fracture toughness properties of duplex stainless steels (DSS) are strongly reduced by intermetallic phases, precipitating at 600-1000°C. In this investigation, the embrittlement effect induced by a low content of these phases has been studied in a 2205 DSS, by means of instrumented Charpy V impact testing. Different contents of intermetallic phases have been produced by isothermal treatments at 800-950°C. The microstructure has been analysed by scanning electron microscope/backscattered electron images. The impact test results, the examination of the fracture surfaces and of the cross-sections close to the notch root allows us to elucidate the role of secondary phases contents in reducing impact fracture toughness. When the quantity of secondary phases is <0·5%, these precipitates are rare and insignificant, reducing the absorbed energy by facilitating a ductile fracture. When the content is >1%, the fracture is completely brittle. The plastic deformation at the notch root and in the resisting section provokes a secondary phase breakage with a high density microcrack formation, inducing an easy nucleation and propagation of the final fracture crack. When the content of secondary phases is between 0·5 and 1%, fracture is mixed. Both the sigma σ and chi χ phases have been found to be responsible for the embrittling of the 2205 DSS, and fracture toughness mainly depends on their density and dimension.

Investigation of secondary phases effect on 2205 DSS fracture toughness.

CALLIARI, IRENE;RAMOUS, EMILIO
2010

Abstract

The fracture toughness properties of duplex stainless steels (DSS) are strongly reduced by intermetallic phases, precipitating at 600-1000°C. In this investigation, the embrittlement effect induced by a low content of these phases has been studied in a 2205 DSS, by means of instrumented Charpy V impact testing. Different contents of intermetallic phases have been produced by isothermal treatments at 800-950°C. The microstructure has been analysed by scanning electron microscope/backscattered electron images. The impact test results, the examination of the fracture surfaces and of the cross-sections close to the notch root allows us to elucidate the role of secondary phases contents in reducing impact fracture toughness. When the quantity of secondary phases is <0·5%, these precipitates are rare and insignificant, reducing the absorbed energy by facilitating a ductile fracture. When the content is >1%, the fracture is completely brittle. The plastic deformation at the notch root and in the resisting section provokes a secondary phase breakage with a high density microcrack formation, inducing an easy nucleation and propagation of the final fracture crack. When the content of secondary phases is between 0·5 and 1%, fracture is mixed. Both the sigma σ and chi χ phases have been found to be responsible for the embrittling of the 2205 DSS, and fracture toughness mainly depends on their density and dimension.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2467514
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