IF 3.603 Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to analyze our experience of bypass procedures to an isolated (“blind”) popliteal artery segment (IPAS) to revascularize the perigeniculate arteries in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), to establish whether such revascularizations could yield acceptable results in terms of patency and limb salvage (LS) rates. Patients and methods Over a decade, 347 above-knee arterial revascularizations were performed in 293 patients and in 51 (14.7%) of these the outflow vessels were the perigeniculate arteries arising from an IPAS, through a reversed saphenous vein or spliced veins (n = 30, 58.8%; group I) or polytetrafluoroethylene (n = 21, 41.2%; group II) prosthetic grafts. Patency, LS and survival rates were assessed using Kaplan-Meier life-table analysis. A complete follow-up (range, 0.1-10.4 years; mean, 5.6 years) was obtained in 49 patients. Results The IPAS was chosen as the last resort in 39 patients (76.5%) because no other infrapopliteal artery was identified as being available at angiography; in 12 patients (23.5%) it was chosen because of an invasive foot infection or ischemic necrosis overlying the dorsalis pedis or the posterior tibial arteries. The study series was mainly male, with significantly more younger patients in group I (72 ± 1 years vs 74 ± 5 years, p = .037). Group I had a statistically higher incidence of diabetes mellitus (76.6% vs 47.6%, p = .033), insulin dependence (56.7% vs 28.6%, p = .047) and history of smoking (80% vs 47.6%, p = .016) than group II. None of the patients died in the perioperative period. There were 3 early graft failures (two in the group I), prompting 3 major amputations. Kaplan-Meier analysis identified 5-year patency and LS rates of 51.4 ± 9.6% and 90 ± 4.3%, respectively, in the series as a whole, and the two groups had comparable 5-year patency, LS and survival rates. Conclusions Revascularizations to an IPAS can be performed with acceptable results in terms of patency and LS rates, even when there is no infrapopliteal runoff vessel. Finding perigeniculate arteries arising from an IPAS with no tibio-peroneal vessel reconstitution at arteriography does not justify a pessimistic attitude to the performance of such revascularizations for LS.

Revascularization to an isolated ("blind") popliteal artery segment: a viable procedure for critical limb ischemia.

BALLOTTA, ENZO;GRUPPO, MARIO;MAZZALAI, FRANCO;MARTELLA, BRUNO;MILITELLO, CARMELO;TONIATO, ANTONIO
2009

Abstract

IF 3.603 Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to analyze our experience of bypass procedures to an isolated (“blind”) popliteal artery segment (IPAS) to revascularize the perigeniculate arteries in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), to establish whether such revascularizations could yield acceptable results in terms of patency and limb salvage (LS) rates. Patients and methods Over a decade, 347 above-knee arterial revascularizations were performed in 293 patients and in 51 (14.7%) of these the outflow vessels were the perigeniculate arteries arising from an IPAS, through a reversed saphenous vein or spliced veins (n = 30, 58.8%; group I) or polytetrafluoroethylene (n = 21, 41.2%; group II) prosthetic grafts. Patency, LS and survival rates were assessed using Kaplan-Meier life-table analysis. A complete follow-up (range, 0.1-10.4 years; mean, 5.6 years) was obtained in 49 patients. Results The IPAS was chosen as the last resort in 39 patients (76.5%) because no other infrapopliteal artery was identified as being available at angiography; in 12 patients (23.5%) it was chosen because of an invasive foot infection or ischemic necrosis overlying the dorsalis pedis or the posterior tibial arteries. The study series was mainly male, with significantly more younger patients in group I (72 ± 1 years vs 74 ± 5 years, p = .037). Group I had a statistically higher incidence of diabetes mellitus (76.6% vs 47.6%, p = .033), insulin dependence (56.7% vs 28.6%, p = .047) and history of smoking (80% vs 47.6%, p = .016) than group II. None of the patients died in the perioperative period. There were 3 early graft failures (two in the group I), prompting 3 major amputations. Kaplan-Meier analysis identified 5-year patency and LS rates of 51.4 ± 9.6% and 90 ± 4.3%, respectively, in the series as a whole, and the two groups had comparable 5-year patency, LS and survival rates. Conclusions Revascularizations to an IPAS can be performed with acceptable results in terms of patency and LS rates, even when there is no infrapopliteal runoff vessel. Finding perigeniculate arteries arising from an IPAS with no tibio-peroneal vessel reconstitution at arteriography does not justify a pessimistic attitude to the performance of such revascularizations for LS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2468529
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