This study was aimed at identifying the impaired attentional components in patients who had sustained a severe CHI several years before. A group of 14 CHI patients and a Control group (matched for age, sex and education) were tested. Experiment 1 used a dual-task paradigm (Umilta et al., 1992). The double task-single task difference was greater for the CHI group, indicating a specific damage at a central executive stage where decision are made and responses are coordinated. Experiment 2 used a task-shifting paradigm (Morra and Roncato, 1986). The cost of shifting from one task to the other was greater for the CHI group, but only in the Short Series Condition where a new task-program could be pre-activated. Experiment 3 studied visual selective attention using Navon paradigm (1977); in this case, there was no difference between patients and controls.

Attention and control deficits following closed head injury

STABLUM, FRANCA;UMILTA', CARLO ARRIGO;
1994

Abstract

This study was aimed at identifying the impaired attentional components in patients who had sustained a severe CHI several years before. A group of 14 CHI patients and a Control group (matched for age, sex and education) were tested. Experiment 1 used a dual-task paradigm (Umilta et al., 1992). The double task-single task difference was greater for the CHI group, indicating a specific damage at a central executive stage where decision are made and responses are coordinated. Experiment 2 used a task-shifting paradigm (Morra and Roncato, 1986). The cost of shifting from one task to the other was greater for the CHI group, but only in the Short Series Condition where a new task-program could be pre-activated. Experiment 3 studied visual selective attention using Navon paradigm (1977); in this case, there was no difference between patients and controls.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2473115
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