Adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory hypotensive peptide, is expressed in the heart, where it is known to play a protective action. Light-microscopy immunocytochemistry (ICC) demonstrated the presence of AM immunoreactivity not only in the coronary-vessel wall and ventricular myocytes of the human and rat heart, but also in sparse voluminous cells located in the perivascular space. These cells displayed the same location of toluidine blue-positive mast cells, and electron microscopy ICC showed AM-immunogold staining over the granules of rat cardiac mast cells. The incubation of rat left ventricle fragments with the mast-cell histamine releaser compound 48/80 evidenced groups of AM-positive cells undergoing degranulation and caused an increase of approximately 50% in the AM concentration in the incubation medium. Collectively, our findings provide evidence that at least a subset of cardiac mast cells are able to synthesize and store AM, and upon stimulation to release it near coronary arterioles and venules.

Identification and localization of adrenomedullin-storing cardiac mast cells

BELLONI, ANNA SANDRA;PETRELLI, LUCIA;GUIDOLIN, DIEGO;DE TONI, RENZO;BOVA, SERGIO;GEROSA, GINO;ROSSI, GIANPAOLO;
2006

Abstract

Adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory hypotensive peptide, is expressed in the heart, where it is known to play a protective action. Light-microscopy immunocytochemistry (ICC) demonstrated the presence of AM immunoreactivity not only in the coronary-vessel wall and ventricular myocytes of the human and rat heart, but also in sparse voluminous cells located in the perivascular space. These cells displayed the same location of toluidine blue-positive mast cells, and electron microscopy ICC showed AM-immunogold staining over the granules of rat cardiac mast cells. The incubation of rat left ventricle fragments with the mast-cell histamine releaser compound 48/80 evidenced groups of AM-positive cells undergoing degranulation and caused an increase of approximately 50% in the AM concentration in the incubation medium. Collectively, our findings provide evidence that at least a subset of cardiac mast cells are able to synthesize and store AM, and upon stimulation to release it near coronary arterioles and venules.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2474966
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