1. The effect of three different potassium channel blockers (tetraethylammonium, TEA; 4-aminopyridine, 4-AP; and apamin) and of variations in the concentration of K+ and Ca2+ in the medium, have been studied on the responses of guinea-pig isolated atria to (-)-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA), a stable adenosine A1-receptor agonist, and to carbachol, a muscarinic agonist. R-PIA and carbachol showed the same negative inotropic effects over a similar range of concentrations (3-300 microM), both in spontaneously beating and in electrically driven atria. 2. TEA (0.1 to 20 mM) and 4-AP (0.3 to 3 mM), both antagonized the negative inotropic and chronotropic effects of carbachol in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, these compounds failed to inhibit the effects induced by R-PIA. Apamin, a specific blocker of a low conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel, was ineffective in accordance with the absence of these channels in atrial tissue. 3. TEA (0.1 to 20mM) inhibited the negative inotropic effect of carbachol, but not that of R-PIA, in atria paced and depolarized by a high K+ medium (22 mM). In this preparation Na+ current is abolished and the contraction induced by noradrenaline and electrical stimulation is solely dependent on Ca2+ influx currents. 4. Stepwise addition of Ca2+ to a calcium-depleted perfusing medium of electrically driven atria, induced a positive inotropic effect which was inhibited by R-PIA. In contrast, carbachol had no effect. 5. In agreement with our previous study, the data suggest that R-PIA acts on isolated atria by inhibiting Ca2+ influx through L-channels.

Potassium channel blockers differentially affect carbachol and (-)-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine on guinea-pig atria.

FROLDI, GUGLIELMINA;RAGAZZI, EUGENIO;CAPARROTTA, LAURA;
1989

Abstract

1. The effect of three different potassium channel blockers (tetraethylammonium, TEA; 4-aminopyridine, 4-AP; and apamin) and of variations in the concentration of K+ and Ca2+ in the medium, have been studied on the responses of guinea-pig isolated atria to (-)-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA), a stable adenosine A1-receptor agonist, and to carbachol, a muscarinic agonist. R-PIA and carbachol showed the same negative inotropic effects over a similar range of concentrations (3-300 microM), both in spontaneously beating and in electrically driven atria. 2. TEA (0.1 to 20 mM) and 4-AP (0.3 to 3 mM), both antagonized the negative inotropic and chronotropic effects of carbachol in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, these compounds failed to inhibit the effects induced by R-PIA. Apamin, a specific blocker of a low conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel, was ineffective in accordance with the absence of these channels in atrial tissue. 3. TEA (0.1 to 20mM) inhibited the negative inotropic effect of carbachol, but not that of R-PIA, in atria paced and depolarized by a high K+ medium (22 mM). In this preparation Na+ current is abolished and the contraction induced by noradrenaline and electrical stimulation is solely dependent on Ca2+ influx currents. 4. Stepwise addition of Ca2+ to a calcium-depleted perfusing medium of electrically driven atria, induced a positive inotropic effect which was inhibited by R-PIA. In contrast, carbachol had no effect. 5. In agreement with our previous study, the data suggest that R-PIA acts on isolated atria by inhibiting Ca2+ influx through L-channels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2481969
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