OBJECTIVE: Vasculoprotective endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are regulated by stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) and are reduced in type 2 diabetes. Because SDF-1alpha is a substrate of dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4), we investigated whether the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin modulates EPC levels in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a controlled, nonrandomized clinical trial comparing 4-week sitagliptin (n = 16) versus no additional treatment (n = 16) in addition to metformin and/or secretagogues in type 2 diabetic patients. We determined circulating EPC levels and plasma concentrations of SDF-1alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and nitrites/nitrates. RESULTS: There was no difference in clinical baseline data between the sitagliptin and control arms. After 4 weeks, as compared with control subjects, patients receiving sitagliptin showed a significant increase in EPCs and SDF-1alpha and a decrease in MCP-1. CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin increases circulating EPCs in type 2 diabetic patients with concomitant upregulation of SDF-1alpha. This ancillary effect of DPP-4 inhibition might have potential favorable cardiovascular implications.

The oral dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor sitagliptin increases circulating endothelial progenitor cells in patients with type 2 diabetes: possible role of stromal-derived factor-1alpha.

FADINI, GIAN PAOLO;BOSCARO, ELISA;ALBIERO, MATTIA;MENEGAZZO, LISA;VIGILI DE KREUTZENBERG, SAULA;AGOSTINI, CARLO;TIENGO, ANTONIO;AVOGARO, ANGELO
2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Vasculoprotective endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are regulated by stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) and are reduced in type 2 diabetes. Because SDF-1alpha is a substrate of dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4), we investigated whether the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin modulates EPC levels in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a controlled, nonrandomized clinical trial comparing 4-week sitagliptin (n = 16) versus no additional treatment (n = 16) in addition to metformin and/or secretagogues in type 2 diabetic patients. We determined circulating EPC levels and plasma concentrations of SDF-1alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and nitrites/nitrates. RESULTS: There was no difference in clinical baseline data between the sitagliptin and control arms. After 4 weeks, as compared with control subjects, patients receiving sitagliptin showed a significant increase in EPCs and SDF-1alpha and a decrease in MCP-1. CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin increases circulating EPCs in type 2 diabetic patients with concomitant upregulation of SDF-1alpha. This ancillary effect of DPP-4 inhibition might have potential favorable cardiovascular implications.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2489134
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 99
  • Scopus 277
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 273
social impact