The current study examined the benefit of reducing proactive interference in verbal and visuospatial working memory tasks in young (2530 years), youngold (6575 years), and oldold (older than 75 years) adults. To reduce proactive interference, the verbal and visuospatial working memory tasks were administered in an ascending (the shortest lists presented first) or in descending (the longest lists presented first) format. Results showed that whereas oldold adults benefit from decreased exposure to proactive interference in working memory independently from the task content, youngold adults benefited only in the verbal task, and young adults did not show any benefit. Overall, these findings suggest that the ability to resist proactive interference in working memory tasks depends on the task content and is particularly impaired in late adulthood.

Age differences in proactive interference in verbal and visuospatial working memory.

CARRETTI, BARBARA;MAMMARELLA, IRENE CRISTINA;BORELLA, ERIKA
2012

Abstract

The current study examined the benefit of reducing proactive interference in verbal and visuospatial working memory tasks in young (2530 years), youngold (6575 years), and oldold (older than 75 years) adults. To reduce proactive interference, the verbal and visuospatial working memory tasks were administered in an ascending (the shortest lists presented first) or in descending (the longest lists presented first) format. Results showed that whereas oldold adults benefit from decreased exposure to proactive interference in working memory independently from the task content, youngold adults benefited only in the verbal task, and young adults did not show any benefit. Overall, these findings suggest that the ability to resist proactive interference in working memory tasks depends on the task content and is particularly impaired in late adulthood.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2493923
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