Human kidney responds to a meat meal with an increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), but the mechanisms regulating kidney hemodynamics following protein intake are poorly understood in Type I insulin-dependent diabetes. In the present study we investigated GFR response to protein intake (600 gr/1.73 m2 meat meal) in nine normal subjects and 21 Type I insulin-dependent diabetic patients with normal albumin excretion rates as well as proximal tubular sodium reabsorption rates and distal sodium delivery (PRNa and DDNa). The same study was reperformed in normal subjects and diabetic patients, with less than a 5 year diabetes duration, following one week of indomethacin treatment. Normal subjects showed a 38% increase in GFR following protein intake, whereas diabetic patients showed a significantly lower response (18%, p less than 0.01). The response of GFR to protein challenge was negatively related to diabetes duration but not to baseline glomerular filtration rate. Indomethacin treatment completely prevented the protein induced GFR increase in normal subjects but not in diabetic patients. Sodium reabsorption rate was increased following protein challenge both at the proximal and distal tubular level, as was net natriuresis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type I insulin-dependent diabetic patients show an impaired renal hemodynamic response to protein intake.

FIORETTO, PAOLA;TREVISAN, RENATA;DORIA, ANDREA;VALERIO, ANNA CANDIDA;SEMPLICINI, ANDREA;ANGELI, PAOLO;
1988

Abstract

Human kidney responds to a meat meal with an increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), but the mechanisms regulating kidney hemodynamics following protein intake are poorly understood in Type I insulin-dependent diabetes. In the present study we investigated GFR response to protein intake (600 gr/1.73 m2 meat meal) in nine normal subjects and 21 Type I insulin-dependent diabetic patients with normal albumin excretion rates as well as proximal tubular sodium reabsorption rates and distal sodium delivery (PRNa and DDNa). The same study was reperformed in normal subjects and diabetic patients, with less than a 5 year diabetes duration, following one week of indomethacin treatment. Normal subjects showed a 38% increase in GFR following protein intake, whereas diabetic patients showed a significantly lower response (18%, p less than 0.01). The response of GFR to protein challenge was negatively related to diabetes duration but not to baseline glomerular filtration rate. Indomethacin treatment completely prevented the protein induced GFR increase in normal subjects but not in diabetic patients. Sodium reabsorption rate was increased following protein challenge both at the proximal and distal tubular level, as was net natriuresis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2506074
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